This is caused by the increased need of the female body for thyroid hormones during puberty, pregnancy and lactation.
This happens because the female body, unlike the male, works in a cyclic mode. The main task of a woman is the birth, feeding and raising of children, and here the ovaries, uterus, mammary glands and thyroid gland work in close connection. And if the work of one of the listed bodies is disrupted, there will certainly be failures in the work of the rest. Women nowadays give birth to one child, and even not everyone breastfeeds, hence the time of exposure of sex hormones to the uterus and mammary glands increases, which contributes to the occurrence of thyroid diseases.
The thyroid gland not only affects reproductive function women, but it itself is highly dependent on how this function is carried out. During pregnancy, a woman experiences an increased need for iodine, because should provide them not only for themselves, but also for the unborn child.
Therefore, all women are recommended to check the thyroid gland for ultrasound as often as possible.
In detail - http://dr-md.ru /diseases.html
20 cc cm for women and 25 cc. cm in men - the normal volume of the thyroid gland.
The thyroid gland with blood works 3 times more intensely than the heart.
In 8-10% of women over the age of 50, work is impaired the thyroid gland.
3-4 times more often than men, women develop endemic diffuse goiter, a common pathology of the thyroid gland. This is due to the increased need of the female body for thyroid hormones during puberty, pregnancy and lactation.
About 200 million people in the world have endemic goiter. WHO calls this disease “one of the most common human disasters.”
Children with both parents are 3 times more likely to develop nodular goiter.
Hypothyroidism is endocrine a disease in which the thyroid gland produces an insufficient amount of hormones - thyroxine and triiodothyronine - and this leads to a slowdown in metabolism in the body.
Read more about ultrasound of the thyroid gland at https://ultrasonicthyroid.ru.
Women are more likely to suffer from thyroid diseases. Disruption of the endocrine system occurs against the background of frequent stress, depression, psychological trauma, a decrease in immunity and other diseases affect. In addition, against the background of frequent diets, refusal of protein foods leads to disruption of the gland. After all, proteins are rich in iodine, which is so necessary for the body.
In addition, at risk are:
people with a hereditary predisposition, if there were cases of thyroiditis in the family;
people with type 1 diabetes mellitus, as well as people with other autoimmune diseases;
elderly people over the age of 50, as well as women during the postmenopausal age;
people who have previously had surgery on the thyroid gland;
women during pregnancy.