Why is a doctor called a neuropathologist and not a neuropathologist, because he deals with nerves, not neurons?

Why is a doctor called a neuropathologist and not a neuropathologist, because he deals with nerves, not neurons?

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answers (5)

Answer 1
June, 2021

And so it happened!
In general, the point is really in linguistics: there is such a phonetic process as metathesis (permutation).

Here is an excerpt from the Wiki:

Metathesis (ancient Greek μετάθεσις, permutation) - mutual permutation of sounds or syllables in words on the basis of assimilation (assimilation) or dissimilation (assimilation).

Metathesis occurs:

  • In borrowed words: case (from German Futteral), plate (formerly: talerka, compare Polish talerz, Swedish tallrik, German Teller with the same meaning), easel (from German Malbrett - "drawing board") , Frol (from Latin floris - "flower"), Seliverst (from Latin silvester - "forest"); Russian words nerve, nervous come from Latin nervus, while in Greek there was neuron, whence neurosis, neuritis, neuropathologist, but neurosurgery ;
  • In the transition of words to the dialect: wedmed from bear, water from flood [1], splinter from cape, palm from dolon, severe from suvor, whey from serum;
  • In children's language, when learning the speech of adults: salad (from a weasel, that is, a horse), a make-up (from a cameo, that is, a bench), etc.
    According to psychology, the number and quality of elements that make up a given whole , is caught much faster and easier than their sequence (cf. memorizing the color and order of the colors on tricolor flags). The correct sequence of syllables is often violated when pronouncing tongue twisters.
Answer 2
June, 2021

In fact, there are no doctors, neither neuropathologists, nor neuropathologists, there are only neurologists. Yes, in polyclinics they write "neuropathologist" at the door of the office, however, this is a mistake. There are no n-pathologists in the list of medical specialties, only a neurologist (specialty code 31.08.42). Anyway, neurologists are offended when they are called pathologists

Answer 3
June, 2021

Most likely, the meaning here comes from "Neurology from the Greek. néuron - vein, nerve + logos", and the word nerve from Lat. nervus, which means the same thing. Simply translated from different languages.

Answer 4
June, 2021

In the Great Soviet Encyclopedia it is written about the difference in origin: νευροσ (ne'uros - thread) and nerve - from the Latin nervus.

As is the case with borrowing, the Greek word came into the Latin language, changed, and came into the Russian language already as a "nerve" for the most part, but a neuropathologist and a neurologist remained. Two synonyms with permutation of letters in parallel entered the language and were fixed in it.

Answer 5
June, 2021

From the Greek νευροσ (ne'uros - thread) and λογοσ (lo'gos - word, doctrine). Neurology = the science of [nerve] threads. The word nerve - Comes from the Latin nervus "vein, muscle, nerve", then from the old * neuros, ascending. to the Praindoevr. * (s) neu-. The Russian word nerve itself is a book borrowing through it. Nerv or French. nerf.

Therefore, neurology, as a science, came from the Greek lexicon, in our country almost all sciences are traditionally named from there, and the word nerve is from Latin.

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