Why do people self-harm themselves? How is this explained by psychologists?

Why do people self-harm themselves? How is this explained by psychologists?

What are Self-Harm Behaviors?

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answers (3)

Answer 1
June, 2021

Some do this in order to distract themselves with physical pain from strong moral experiences. Some are because they hate themselves and want to punish themselves. Some people just like pain, feel it and experience it - they are usually called masochists. And some just like the process. and the final result. Of course, all these are various mental deviations and they require correction. As a teenager, I myself belonged to the latter - I liked it from an aesthetic point of view, how it looks when it heals. I think I should have been treated. But it passed by itself, the need to do this disappeared, the kind of scars I like the truth so far) In general, I grew up like a normal person. Even.

Answer 2
June, 2021

For some, selfharm is the only way to cope with emotions (anger / anxiety / sadness) or acts as a punishment for their own shortcomings, feelings of self-loathing, most often it happens on impulse. Selfharming is followed by short-term relief, followed by feelings of guilt and shame.

Answer 3
June, 2021

Wow, it has already been transformed into a verb and conjugated :)

"Self-harm" (self-inflicting bodily harm) some people because it can have several interesting functions:

  • Distraction from subjectively unbearable emotional pain - the experience of physical pain in a sense outweighs and switches;
  • Acquisition of an increased sense of control over what is happening - a kind of belief in the spirit of "I myself / myself can decide what, when and how much pain I will experience" (with heavy emotions, this, as experience shows, does not work very well);
  • Finally, many also cite self-punishment as an additional motive - for example, there are often times when adolescents harm themselves as a result of their inability to express and direct anger towards those they actually feel, but they also feel guilty about their anger and aggressive impulses. And as a kind of "atonement" - self-harm can also be used, among other things.
    And from the point of view of the behavioral (behavioral) paradigm, and from the psychoanalytic perspective - self-harm is one of the forms of psychological defense, or destructive strategies for coping with stress and emotional pain.

Most often, this behavior continues until the person learns, first, to experience painful feelings without going over to their immediate acting out; and secondly, it will not master more constructive ways to carry out or redirect the emotional impulses of these experiences.

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