Why are so many people so skeptical about psychology as a science and psychotherapy as a method of treatment?

Why are so many people so skeptical about psychology as a science and psychotherapy as a method of treatment?

Diagnosis with DSM (Interview with a Psychologist)

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answers (2)

Answer 1
January, 2021

I would like to add the following to the answer of the previous author. In addition to the complexity of the perception of the phenomena of psychology and psychotherapy in the understanding of society, in addition to a huge amount of charlatanism, there is another important factor. Skepticism often acts as a defense.

After all, working with a psychologist / psychotherapist is a lot of work. Why? Because you have to admit that you have a problem that you cannot deal with on your own. Time has to be taken. You have to spend money. It is necessary to spend mental and physical strength. You need to remember and tell about yourself something that you don't want to remember or tell. It is necessary to change the usual stereotypes of behavior. All this is not for a day or two, because even short-term methods of psychological assistance do not involve a one-time therapy session. And - yes, it may not help. Therefore, it is easier for some people to immediately throw skepticism over "all this psychology / psychotherapy" and continue living with their problem. By the way, this does not mean that at some point, when it is no longer childish, such a person will not forget all his skepticism and will not start looking for a specialist.

Well, to a heap: in Russian culture in In principle, a trend has recently emerged to seek professional help of this kind. By the way, it is developing extremely actively, now, for example, due to the topic of coronavirus, the number of calls to psychological support phones is simply off scale. So over time, there will be less skepticism - if only due to the fact that seeking professional help will become more habitual.

Answer 2
January, 2021

Skepticism has arisen due to the emergence of a whole mass of false theories in this area. I think Freud and his followers can be called the leader. All these "Oedipus complex", "collective unconscious", "psychosexual stages of development", interpretation of dreams, etc. introduced many unscientific concepts, blurred the boundaries between psychology and esotericism. And the layman's idea of ​​psychology will mix with them.

Accordingly, psychotherapy based on these theories, which are not based on a scientific basis, is ineffective and can be harmful. Repressed memories, as shown by the psychologist Loftus, can be completely false.

Such psychotherapy, as a rule, is not aimed at correcting symptoms, is in no way connected with the symptom by its method, but sets amorphous, its own goals - "awareness " etc. it resembles the method of a fortune-teller, who first finds corruption and then heals the damage. As a rule, many of these theories pay great attention to early childhood and unduly exaggerate its role. Some pseudo-psychological theories go even further - before the birth of a person, which is completely stupid and insane.

This is the dominance of pseudoscience, esotericism and shamanism in psychology that makes an ordinary person shy away from it.

Huge harm the image of psychology was brought to the so-called personal growth trainings that are more reminiscent of destructive sects.

It is not surprising that an outsider will be skeptical at best.

All these freaks from psychology and psychotherapy have flooded the information space, they are trying to get into all areas: from raising children, recruiting personnel to treating mental disorders ...

Not everyone knows that psychology is a science, not boltology. Few have heard that psychologist Daniel Kahneman received the Nobel Prize in 2002 in economics, showing how people make choices in the face of uncertainty about risks, how their decisions are influenced by psychological distortions, delusions, etc.

And in psychotherapy, the standard for evidence and effectiveness is cognitive-behavioral.

Be careful, friends, doubt.

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