The Bloomberg agency compiled a rating of health systems in 2014. To compile it, they used data from WHO, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. The selection criteria were life expectancy, human spending on medicine (as a percentage of salary) and government participation in providing medicine.
51 countries were added to the list. These are those countries with a population of more than 5 million, a GDP per capita of more than $ 6,000 and a minimum life expectancy of 70 years.
Singapore took the 1st place in the ranking, the 2nd place is Hong Kong, Italy is also in the top 3. The USA is in 44th place. Russia closes the list and is in 51st place.
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The answer to this question depends on which function of the healthcare system is your priority. The health care system has many functions. The most obvious one is to save people from death and restore their health. Another function is to protect the patient from the colossal costs of treatment. It is also important that not only the patients feel good, but that the treatment methods themselves develop. There are a lot of criteria. Therefore, it is impossible to name one, the best system for all. The most progressive systems today are considered to be in Western Europe, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
Definitely not the USA. The problems of their system have been discussed for decades. One of the roots of the problem is that the more racial and linguistic groups there are in a country, the more difficult it is to provide everyone with quality medical care. The elite are almost all from the same ethnic group and have no desire to pay more taxes to improve the lives of other ethnic groups.
There is no single, global ranking of health systems. There is one rating (commonwealthfund.org) that many people refer to, it is done at the Commonwealth Fund health analysis center, but they take into account the health systems of only 11 countries (Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden , Switzerland, USA, UK). There, according to 2013, the UK health system ranks first.
In 2000, the World Health Organization (WHO) attempted to compile a global rating (who.int) - 191 countries were included in their rating (the first place was taken France). But they had so many problems after the publication of this ranking (many countries were completely dissatisfied with the places they took) that WHO did not do more than the global rankings.