Viral hepatitis B is a dangerous, widespread infection. Infected through blood. But it is a mistake to think that the risk of infection is low. It takes a little blood for a dangerous virus to enter the body and begin to develop.
Vaccination is used to reduce the spread of hepatitis B. Doctors often have to deal with human resistance. Many patients, instead of learning more about why it is necessary to be vaccinated, ask the question: "Where do they get vaccinated against hepatitis B?"
When and how do they get vaccinated? in the process, the body becomes immune to infection. A vaccinated person will not get sick, even in close contact with a sick person. The danger of hepatitis B is in possible complications (cirrhosis, liver cancer).
This vaccination is on the list of mandatory, but an adult has the right to refuse vaccination. There are groups of people who, by the nature of their work, risk contracting a dangerous infection. These are health workers, employees of preschool institutions, social workers who, while performing functional duties, may come into contact with the biological fluids of another person.
The active phase of protection lasts an average of eight years.
Before to figure out where the hepatitis B vaccine is put, it is worth considering the vaccination schedule:
• in the first 12-24 hours after birth;
• in a month;
• in half a year.
A child who for some reason has not been vaccinated can be vaccinated at any age. Antibodies appear within two weeks after the vaccine is administered. Adults are also vaccinated in three stages: one month and six months after the first. There are times when they resort to other schemes. Such vaccination is called rapid:
• the first vaccination;
• after a month;
• after two months;
• after 12 months .
It is used if a person, for some reason, has an increased risk of infection. There is an emergency vaccination schedule. It can be prescribed if a person is planning some serious surgical intervention. How and where is hepatitis B vaccine done in such cases? This scheme looks like this:
• the first;
• after seven days;
• after 21 days;
• after a year.
They are vaccinated in all cases in the same places. In unvaccinated people, the first day of vaccination does not matter, but then it is necessary to strictly adhere to the chosen scheme. If the deadline is violated, the vaccination will not be considered successful.
Stages of liver damage in hepatitis B
Where is the vaccine done?
The place where the vaccine will be administered is selected not by chance. So where do you get the hepatitis B vaccine? The vaccine must not be injected subcutaneously; the drug must enter the muscle. But you can't put it in the buttock either. In this place of our body, the subcutaneous fatty tissue is well developed, so there is a risk of injecting the vaccine under the skin, getting into a blood vessel or nerve.
Traditionally, vaccinationfrom hepatitis B, adults are injected into the deltoid muscle, children under the age of three - into the thigh.
Is the vaccination against hepatitis B safe? which is of interest to patients of medical institutions. Many people worry if the vaccine is dangerous.
The hepatitis B vaccine poses no health risks. Viral hepatitis B is more dangerous and easy to get infected. It would seem like our children or we can get infected? Children constantly communicate with their peers, during games or fights, they are often injured and someone else's blood can get on the damaged skin. Kids are very curious: they pick up everything. What is the situation on the street around us? Syringes and objects with traces of human biological fluids, various dirty objects can be lying around.
In adults, there are no less dangerous situations in life: travel on public transport, unprotected sex, accidental injuries, blood transfusions, manicure, medical procedures.
Why are people afraid of hepatitis B vaccination? It is believed that the composition of the drug contains harmful substances that can adversely affect the body.
There are several types of vaccines, differing in composition, to which the manufacturer necessarily adds preservatives. This merthiolate is a mercury-containing compound. Mercury is dangerous only in its pure form, in the composition of merthiolate, it cannot cause harm to health.
Many are afraid that viruses are introduced into the body as part of the vaccine. The fact is that there are no live viruses in a modern vaccine, there is only an immunogenic protein, which is obtained using genetic engineering in the cells of yeast microorganisms. Since the vaccine may contain traces of yeast proteins, it is contraindicated for people who have an allergic reaction to baker's yeast, but no dangerous viruses will enter the body during its introduction.
Although the vaccine is completely harmless, it has contraindications and side effects. Vaccination is contraindicated in:
• any infectious processes in the acute stage;
• chronic diseases of the lungs, heart and kidneys in decompensated form.
In addition, in humans there may be an individual intolerance to the vaccine. Therefore, before asking where they are vaccinated against hepatitis B, you need to find out if there is an individual intolerance to the drug.
Personal experience . I have been drinking alcohol for many years. I drank almost every day. Of course this also affected my liver. As the survey showed, the situation was deplorable but not hopeless either. The doctor prescribed to drink an innovative remedy. Now I'm on the mend, recent analyzes have shown a positive trend. It does not cost three kopecks, but other similar drugs are much more expensive, and it is not worth saving money on health. For anyone interested, here's a link to the article.
First of all, it is worth remembering that vaccinations are a preventive measure and help prevent infection, not cure a disease.
Currently, vaccines against viral hepatitis A and B are available.
Vaccination against viral hepatitis can be obtained free of charge by contacting the local polyclinic. But in this case, you may face some difficulties, for example, with queues, a lack of vaccines at the clinic, or bureaucratic barriers. Feedback from people with this experience is mixed. Here, rather, someone is as lucky.
Vaccinations can be done in commercial clinics, for a fee. In Moscow, you can go to a specialized commercial clinic for people living with HIV.
It is recommended to administer the hepatitis A virus vaccine twice with an interval of 6-12 months. However, for healthy people who are not subject to additional risk factors, a single dose is sufficient. The duration of protection by vaccination is at least 6-10 years. In Russia, for vaccination against hepatitis A, drugs are used "Havrix 1440", "Havrix 720" (for children), "Avaxim", "GEP-A-in-VAK", "Vakta".
Vaccine against the virus Hepatitis B is administered three times: after the first vaccination, after 1 month, the second vaccination is given, 6-12 months after the second - the third. In Russia, for vaccination against hepatitis B, the drugs "Hepatitis B vaccine recombinant", "Regevac B", "Engerix B", "Bubo-Kok", "Bubo-M", "Shanvak-V", "Infanrix Hexa" are used, DTP-HEP B.
The hepatitis A vaccine, for example, Havrix 1440, can be bought at a pharmacy and administered on your own. But in this case, it is important to remember that it is worth injecting the drug immediately, or store it in the refrigerator, in strict accordance with the instructions. However, we do not recommend self-vaccination unless absolutely necessary, and we advise you to see your doctor.