What would a person's lifestyle, goals and values ​​be if the maximum life expectancy today was 25 years?

What would a person's lifestyle, goals and values ​​be if the maximum life expectancy today was 25 years?

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answers (6)

Answer 1
January, 2021

There is a film "City of God" about the Brazilian slums. There people really do not live up to 25-30, though usually not for natural reasons. Something like this.

Answer 2
January, 2021

To the excellent top answer, it remains only to add that the main craft in such a society will be war. When it is obvious that you will not live long, there is no point in engaging in long-term crafts, taking all this away from your neighbors by force and having time to "live" will look more attractive. In addition, this will be the only way to leave a memory behind, because there will be no option "conscientiously served the fatherland for 60 years." For some reason, I see such a society by analogy with the Vikings, where beliefs were even encouraged to quickly perish, but become famous.

Answer 3
January, 2021

I think it is worth supplementing the first answer with one more condition - metabolic rate.

Suppose, in addition to aging, the remaining processes of the body are also accelerated at 25. That is, a hypothetical person sleeps three times less, thinks three times faster (assuming that for an average life expectancy to take 75 years). Then it turns out that a person becomes mature at the age of eight.

Hypothetically, such a race could well reach (and surpass) the current level of technology. A vivid example is the fictional race of salarians from the Mass Effect trilogy (those, though they live up to 40).

From the point of view of society, the values ​​of such a race will focus on the future more than on the present, and the benefit of the majority will outweigh the interests of the few ... If life is short, then you need to leave a mark about yourself.

If metabolism remains the same, then the main value, I think, will be hedonism and procreation. The movie "Logag's Flight" is a very colorful description of society with a limit of 30 human years. Sex, sports, shows are the main values ​​of people in the film.

Answer 4
January, 2021

The question asked automatically generates another one: is the aging of the organism, leading to death, accelerated in our hypothesis (let's take it as a working version of the fact that the hero's brain will work in the same rhythm as ours, for certainty)? If so, then we will get an almost primitive, degrading post-apocalyptic culture, doomed to depressive states and mass psychosis. An example of a highly exaggerated description of a community of people living in such conditions can be found in one of the stories of Ursula le Guin. The aspirations of her characters revolve around the hope of finding salvation from rapidly aging bodies and the inability to effectively assimilate and transfer knowledge. Without this hope, the most probable outcome of our extrapolation would be a transition to infanticide and complete wildness with the prospect of extinction in the near future. For the meaning of such a short life is impossible for most individuals to even invent. Long periods of intellectual unproductiveness will devalue the transfer of knowledge to new generations, because there will simply be no time to apply what has been obtained, and almost all individuals will know about it.

The picture changes slightly with a sufficiently long (about ten years) duration of the maturity period. So you can get a very stable culture, built on the principles of territorial and intellectual expansion, with a primitive economy. The lifestyle, on reflection, can be presented as an approximate analogy to the lifestyle of the modern nomadic peoples of Africa. A minimum of technology, values ​​- moral capital (what your descendants will remember about you, for example, valor in battle or hard work in the field), goals - to leave behind as many of these very descendants as possible and provide them with a universal set of survival skills as possible. It is unlikely that it will be possible to transfer a greater volume of knowledge in a short life.

It is quite a different matter if the aging of the heroes of the hypothesis is comparable in speed with our own. I think a good concept for answering this question is given in an episode of Star Gate: Atlantis. There, on a fictional planet, there is a culture of people committing suicide at age 25 for religious reasons. The culture is quite primitive, it has almost no medicine and the habit of comfort, but much attention is paid to physical form and a peculiarly understood "moral purity", which is defined in accordance with an illogical, highly ramified and difficult to understand system of moral principles.

It is possible to extrapolate the script of the series to real examples of primitive cultures with a low life expectancy, removing the possibility of transferring tribal experience (there are no old people for this). As a result, people living in very difficult conditions (early death - you can not take care of your health, plus no need for technologies in everyday life). The value of an individual's life for society is very low, except in a situation of large-scale conflict. The main values ​​in culture are social status and belonging to a group. The role of material reresources and exchange are low, but clarification of relations on stone axes - with pleasure and at any time. The young consciousness of all members of society forms an illogical and complex system of beliefs of a magical, mysterious sense with many details, signs and rituals. The goals of life are to work out maximum rights in the community in a short time, possibly to establish their own, to comprehend, if possible, the system of existing moral norms. Everyday thoughts are survival, struggle for leadership and the right to reproduce. Biology rules the ball ...

All reasoning for our hypothesis has a common place - the reduced speed and efficiency of transferring complex knowledge and technologies to the future due to the low effectiveness of young people teaching other young people (fighting for leadership with peers much more interesting than learning to forge nails). It was she who caused the unhappy result of our thought experiment.

Answer 5
January, 2021

Counter question: would these people know that once life expectancy was different? If tomorrow we all find ourselves suddenly "punished" and the number of years of our life is cut off, we will surely throw ourselves into all seriousness. But if a person is born with the knowledge that everyone around them lives for N-number of years, then his consciousness and self-consciousness develops in accordance with this. Those. it is very likely that by the age of 23 we would have already achieved the wisdom and enlightenment of the elders.

I would like to note that even in the century before last, everything was approximately the same. Remember how old were those whose works, creativity and deeds we studied at school? ))

Answer 6
January, 2021

Yes, as always: sex, food, war.

I don’t think that everyone would start striving for the secular and the high, on the contrary, since life is short everyone would begin to try to fill it with impressions maximum. And murder will bring much more sensation than even the bloodiest stories from the masters of prose, you must agree.

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