Evgeny Olegovich Komarovsky wrote an excellent book just on this topic, albeit with a bias in pediatrics:
The book from the famous pediatrician, Dr. Komarovsky, includes a popular presentation of the basics of medicine means most often used in practical pediatrics.
Features of the book:
The book is written in an accessible language, is of a practical nature, contains not only comprehensive information about certain drugs, here you you will also find many valuable tips and tricks from the author.
Who is this book for:
This is a book for moms, dads, grandparents. Its main goal is to create conditions for parental therapeutic amateur activities to be informed, conscious, minimally acceptable and maximally safe.
Read in a popular format in Russian, but at the international level, in terms of the quality of information, this is Anton Rodionov's Pentateuch, where the last of the books published in the series is devoted to medicines, but in each book you will find something useful to protect yourself from the merciless madness of our Semash-shaped medicine. Link to the latest book: ozon.ru
The forerunner of this series was the equally useful book of Dr. Alexander Myasnikov "On the Most Important Things" iknigi.net
This is enough to prepare for a meeting with the merciless domestic medicine. But naturally, there are no answers to all questions.
Lists of drugs that are not trustworthy, written by someone unknown, are incomplete, and sometimes you can find effective drugs there. That is, the source of such a list must be credible.
And such authoritative sources do not publish such lists. Here, the simplest option is to study a profile article on your illness on the website medscape.com. It is an internationally recognized referral system for doctors, it requires registration and will have to be tricked into thinking you are a doctor. But then everything is great: take an article about, say, a stroke, find that there is no Mexidol there, ask the doctor why this is so, he cannot answer, change the doctor. Disadvantages: You need to know a little about medicine and know English. A good test - in the already mentioned PubMed you need to find the required drug, if it is mentioned in recent studies from developed countries, it seems to be effective. On the contrary, if one or two mentions from the authors of the CIS countries, you need to forget about it.
Sometimes you cannot do without live communication with a sane doctor spoiled by Western medicine, for this case there are two Russian-language resources, where it is precisely such doctors who are adherents of evidence-based medicine that accumulate. These are rusmedserv.com and medspecial.ru These are professional resources where you can ask a question to living doctors and get a relevant, non-biased answer from the point of view of Western medicine.
You can read the recently translated into Russian book by Ben Goldacre "The Whole Truth About Medicines." The English name is "Bad Pharma". Interesting about pharmaceutical companies, their interactions with doctors, about clinical trials of new drugs.
Well, if you want to find out whether an effective drug has been prescribed you should read what research has been carried out on it. For example, on Pubmed. Although it is difficult to assess the quality of drug research without medical education. You can read lists of drugs with unproven efficacy (quite a lot on the Internet) and not take drugs from this list. For example, here is a quite adequate list of encyclopatia.ru
It is better to read about medicines on the Internet, namely, descriptions of the necessary medicines and comments from people who have already tried the medicine and spoke in detail about its action. At least I'll always look at people's comments first, and then I'll take the medicine if I don't know it.
But, of course, it's best to talk to a specialist about this.