In ancient Rome, one of the methods of shameful execution was to throw the condemned off the Tarpeian rock, 25 meters high. This is how it looks in our time:
So, in particular, Bar Kochba, the leader of the Jewish uprising, was killed. In a fall from 25 meters, "injuries incompatible with life" are more likely than instant death. A metal hook was thrust into the body of the agonizing executioner and dragged into the Tiber River, where he finally drowned.
For climbers, it is considered the maximum height with which one can survive with a high probability - 15 meters. People survive after falling from a greater height, but this is the exception than the rule. Let me add that falling from a height is one of the 10 most frequent deaths.
At the age of 14, he witnessed how a drunken man confused the balcony of the entrance door with a balcony and fell out of the 4th floor. The landing was not quite soft, but in the rose hips. Surprisingly, when people ran up to help, the man was asleep, snoring softly.
In 2010, Popular Mechanics magazine had an interesting article entitled "Fall to Health". There were described cases of people falling from great heights and how they survived, as well as approximate instructions on how to survive yourself in such a situation. Read it, pretty interesting. This article is easy to find on Google for various queries, but it is better to just enter the title of the article and the journal.
Excerpt from the article:
"If you are surrounded by something like a cocoon of debris, chances are Survival on hitting the ground will be markedly higher, Hamilton's opinion, based on convincing statistics, has 31 recorded since the 1940s, and fewer survivors from a single free flight, only 13 reported or credible. The superstar in this club of fantastic lucky ones can be considered a military pilot from New Jersey Alan Magie.In 1943, when he was on a combat mission in the skies of France, he was thrown out of a B-17 plane. After flying 6 km, he pierced the roof of the railway station. he was taken prisoner by the Germans, who were shocked to see him alive. "
My grandfather, drunk, jumped from the 5th floor, hiding from the guards). Landed on a freshly dug lawn, collarbone fracture. I believe that there is a certain margin of safety in my family, but at the same time I am very afraid of heights.
Do not talk about body weight when falling from a height (for example, at home), body density plays a role. If Galileo Galilei were still alive, he would confirm my words.
I will add that small children often survive after falling from high floors. First, they, like drunks, often do not understand what is happening, which means that they do not tense or twitch. Secondly, they weigh much less than an adult. In addition, they have flexible bones (this is especially important for the skull - it shrinks and unclenches, and does not crack like a nut). Finally, the child's body has great potential for growth and development - which, in the event of injury, is used for recovery. Google "baby survived falling off the floor" - you will see a lot of similar news.
But my neighbor, Uncle Petya, blue in a zyuzu, fell out of the balcony of the 9th floor and went to the store for some booze, and a month later he jumped over the fence near the front door and caught a double open fracture ... Life ....
In this issue, there is no definite figure, because each organism is differently developed, the density of bones, the flexibility of the tendons is different, again, grouping in the fall - all this affects the outcome. And the runner, and the gymnast, and the builder can fall in such a way that there are no options. There are exceptions from the set - drunkards))) They fall and break from different heights, without serious consequences due to, apparently, relaxed muscles and tendons.
The record belongs to Vesna Vulovic, mentioned above - about 10,000 meters.
A person develops a maximum falling speed of about 200 km / h and reaches it for 500 meters of free flight (approximately). The fall time from 10,000 meters is about 3 minutes. It is best to fall riding on some wreckage (acting as a rider) - in this case the statistics are much more positive: 31 cases versus 13 successful landings without wreckage from a great height. For landing, it is better to choose an inclined surface, for example, a mountain slope with snow or tree branches, in order to absorb the impact. Falling into water is highly discouraged - it does not shrink, hitting the water is almost like hitting concrete.
According to ACRO statistics, which records all air crashes, from 1940 to 2008, as a result of a crash of 15,463 aircraft, 118 died 934 people. Even if we add to this number the parachutists whose parachutes did not open, only 157 lucky ones are able to tell about the miracle that happened to them. Of these, 42 are survivors of a fall from a height of more than 3 km.
Due to its aerodynamics, a person falls on average at a speed of 40 m / s. Moreover, he reaches this speed falling from the fifth floor. So, theoretically, it doesn't matter if you fell out of an airplane or from a fifth-floor window - the chances of survival are about the same.
By the way, cats don't crash when they fall, because they only reach 13 m / s.
The maximum altitude from which a person survived without a parachute is 10 160 meters. This happened to the Yugoslav flight attendant Vesna Vulovic in 1972, when the DC-9 she was flying in exploded over Czechoslovakia. Vesna received multiple injuries, but she fully recovered and is still alive. Aerophobes can envy: she is not even afraid to fly and tried to get a job as a flight attendant again.
The second place in free fall belongs to Larisa Savitskaya, who survived the collision of An-24 and Tu-16 at an altitude of 5,220 meters in 1981 year.