It's very simple .... Religion is directed from man to God .... and ideology only revolves at the ground level ... to control the masses of people ... ideology does not work on religious people ....
Idology is a society program. Religion is a community of believers.
Ideology is always present in any society. In a religious society, this is faith. Religious faith is also an ideology.
The word Religion comes from the Latin word Religare, which means: to bind, to connect. Religion is an association of believers = religious organization = denomination = community of believers = movement = cult = sect.
For example, there is a liberal democratic economic sect. Or, for example, there is a cult of money and consumption. There is no religion without a community of followers.
All people can voluntarily be in one religion, for example, as was the case in Ancient Israel. Or a small religious part of the people can own the rest of the people, suppressing other beliefs and religions, as it was in the Russian Empire. Or there may be a mess and a mixture of many sects in society, but one sect is supported by the state, as in post-Soviet Russia.
In an ideal society, faith is a personal, intimate affair of citizens, and ideology unites the entire people, and there are no sects, just as in a healthy body all cells are united in a single program of life, and there are no tumors.
Uniting people can be general or partial. There should be a union of more than 95% of the population, except for mentally ill people and criminals-saboteurs.
Let's try simple, although I'm not a special expert, but I never saw such an answer.
Religion motivates you to change something within you. Think about the soul, after death, dialogue with some god, and so on, but all this is focused on you.
Ideology motivates you to change something around you. Build communism, socialism. Sweep the yard, go to the polls and so on. Change the world around you.
Why not have replaced the ideology of religion
Ideology is mainly a political concept. It should not be confused with socio-political teaching. If we relate to religion, then ideology is a narrower concept. There is a type of politician in general, as an abstract concept, in the broadest sense. There are specific political movements, so they may have an ideology. And there is, it seems, religion in general (in fact, not), as an abstract concept, in the broadest sense. There are specific religions, so they have a creed. And creed in religion is more correlated with ideology in politics than other concepts.
Both ideology and creed are based on their ideas about right and wrong, good and bad. However, in ideology there is usually no ethics, but in the doctrine there is. Also in the creed there is usually something invisible, supernatural, but in the ideology there is nothing about it.
Faith is a person's personal beliefs, which others can only guess about.
By religion, in the Western world, it is customary to understand moral and ethical norms, rituals, ceremonies, communities. Religion in its pure form in the understanding of a European is something intended for personal use , something analogous to Christianity.
Nevertheless, certain religious traits can be part of political ideology. In particular, a common misconception is the idea of Mohammedanism as a kind of religion like Christianity or Buddhism.
The same misconception, for example, can be called the idea of National Socialism during the Third Reich as just a form of occultism and ignoring the political component ... Yes, the ideologists of the Third Reich had an addiction to the occult [Nazis: The Occult Conspiracy (1998) - www.imdb.com/title/tt0195938/]. But this is not enough to consider Nazism just a religion.
Mohammedanism is a certain model of political, state and social order, and the religious component itself is only part of this model.
“Those who believe that adherence to Islam is only an introduction to its spiritual and cult values are mistaken. For Islam is service and leadership, religion and state, spirituality and practicality, prayer and jihad, obedience and power. The Qur'an is a sword, and nothing in it can be separated from one another ” - Hasan al-Banna, Egyptian politician and Islamic preacher, founder of the Muslim Brotherhood
Numerous Islamic organizations like IS are not “They use Mohammedanism for political ends,” they are guided by it .
The stated goal of jihad is to spread Sharia (Islamic law). The goal of jihad is political - the spread of Sharia (Islamic law and form of government), and the collective duty of the Ummah (Mohammedan community) to wage this struggle is religious. In this context, it is more correct to regard the Ummah as a political party, and not a religious community.
Prof. Christina Schirrmacher (Germany) - that Islam is not a religion in the pure sense of the word, and therefore the constitutional law on freedom of religion, created primarily on the basis of Christianity, cannot be applied to it.
The processes of Islamization are underway. not only in the Middle East, but in the same Europe, Canada, USA. And this is not only terrorist attacks, but also an increase in influence at the political and propaganda level.
For example, Ikhwan al-Muslimin, the largest Islamic organization in the world, considers accidental explosions to be strategically ineffective and, in most cases, counterproductive for the establishment of the caliphate. They have a network of “legitimate” organizations in the United States whose activities are aimed at undermining the state from within (this is their stated goal) - CAIR, MSA, ISNA, NAIT, etc. They collect money for jihad (under the guise of charity), I recruittons of people on college campuses, turning people against the state, introducing a "fabulous" image of Islam into textbooks for American schoolchildren, trying to influence the FBI in investigating incidents related to Islam.
The Muslim Brotherhood " Project "
www.investigativeproject.org/documents/misc/687.pdf islammustbestopped.blogspot.ru/2008/11/cultural-invasion-project.html archive .frontpagemag.com / readArticle.aspx? ARTID = 4476
Justice served: Holy Land Foundation defendants guilty on all counts
jihadwatch.org/2008/ 11 / justice-served-holy-land-foundation-defendants-guilty-on-all-counts
And on the example of the famous "Hizb ut-Tahrir" American researcher Zeyno Baran notes that “in many ways Hizb ut-Tahrir is an element of the “division of labor”: it itself is actively engaged in ideological training of Mohammedans, while other organizations plan and carry out terrorist attacks. Despite objections to this characterization, Hizb ut-Tahrir is now effectively a conveyor belt for terrorists. ”
Zeyno Baran: Hizb ut Tahrir - Islams Political Insurgency
The Shariah says a lot about “kafirs” and how to treat them, to enslave and manage them. The Shariah declares its political superiority over any non-Islamic constitution. Sharia is not good for non-Mohammedans. This is why every non-Mohammedan has a reason to know the Sharia law, especially from those who are involved in politics, law-making and other legal issues. Sharia law applies to non-Mohammedans as much as Mohammedans. The Islamic position and actions in relation to non-Mohammedans are political, not religious.
Sharia is being introduced into the modern system of many non-Islamic countries, while many non-Mohammedans do not know anything about Sharia and its meaning. First of all, this concerns the restriction of freedom of speech, the wearing of hijabs, the introduction of Sharia courts.
See. the question " What is the difference between Islam and" Islamism "? "
"I am often asked:" Is the name "political Islam" is tautological as "butter oil?" Good question. Indeed, Islam cannot be "outside politics." - Heydar Jemal__
Bill Warner - Sharia for non-Muslims__
There are dictionary definitions for both, and the difference between them is pretty obvious. Both religion and ideology are belief systems designed to explain, comprehend and appreciate the origin and relationship between the elements of the universe. Ideology explains and evaluates the relationship between people and people and between people and reality. And religion is the relationship between people and God and between reality and God, and as a result - between people and reality. Both ideology and religion represent not only explanations, but also ready-made value judgments. In contrast to philosophy, which provides the same thing, but deliberately moves away from value judgments. Therefore, religion and ideology use the methods of philosophy, but they themselves are not philosophy, in a way being its opposite. Philosophy, on the other hand, views ideology and religion as the subject of its study and, in turn, explains and comprehends them in the same way as reality, people and God.
I have an intuitive answer.
Imagine that you have a bunch of puzzle pieces from which you can put many different pictures. But only with one single combination from ... ahem ... the inhabitants of the puzzle will be as good as possible.
Ideology is an attempt to put the puzzle together without using a picture that depicts how everything is should be. There can be many different options. Someone comes up with a new concept of how to put the pieces. He says - "Let's try this. It might work!" A new picture is taking shape. But it will never be perfect, there will always be some shoals, and in the end there will be another hat. Lots of people are going to be miserable.
Religion is trying to put a puzzle together using a basic picture drawn on a box of details. The picture shows a god, and everything needs to be folded so that it turns out. If you put it down, everything will be fine, and nothing can be spoiled. Never. The problem is that quite a few people want to solve this puzzle. Much more than those who actually see the picture. Therefore, it turns out again, damn it.
The similarity is that both jigsaw puzzles have a goal to do everything well. Also, each puzzle can be added both on the scale of one person and on a society of different sizes.
The difference is whether we try to use the picture on the box, or make it up ourselves.
UPD Yes no. In fact, religion is a way to see that the puzzle has already been worked out in the best possible way, and to live according to this knowledge.
The answer is in terms. "Religion" comes from lat. religare, which means to connect. That is, religion sets as its primary goal to bring a person closer to God. The word "ideology" consists of two Greek roots idea (type, species, form) and logos (word). Ideology implies a system of ordered views of a certain society or social class.
At first glance, what is common between religion and ideology may be in the expression of moral and ethical norms, but the ultimate goals are significantly different.