I am learning Polish.
Knowledge of English at the Intermediate level and knowledge of Russian helps.
With languages in general, emotional perception helps, something that can "hurt".
And a simple curiosity about the life and culture of speakers of other languages.
Lolets, in the picture the flag "Russia" is depicted as the flag of Yugoslavia))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))) ))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))
Duolingo application (Duolingo). Free, colorfully designed, with a cute owl and a bunch of lessons, as well as a system to track your progress. There are many languages available in the app, even the aforementioned Esperanto. All languages can be learned both from the basic, from the initial foundations, and having determined your level of knowledge of a particular language, you can continue to study it and deepen your knowledge.
-Good associative memory: learning and memorizing new words is easier if there are some associations.
Constant presence of native speakers of the target language
Watching TV programs / series
Knowledge of another related language (after French, Spanish was not incredibly difficult)
Awareness of the need to learn a language: this, in my opinion, is the most important. When you learn a language not because it is beautiful, not because you want to watch the show in the original, but because you need it in order to live in a foreign country, to work, to understand this stupid tax system, be it wrong!
I don't even know how to type 140 characters now, but one wonderful site helps me in learning a foreign language https://www.busuu.com/start/ru/ ... What they give for free is quite enough for a basic level ... Both speaking and writing are well remembered.
Serials in the language, videos, and so on are auxiliary means that, at an early stage of language learning, help only if they are actively used. Namely: I did not just watch the video, but wrote down words and phrases, memorized them, climbed into the reference book and repeated the grammatical constructions that I encountered. Just looking for fun and to keep fit is the lot of those who are confident in a foreign language.
And one more thing: when learning a foreign language, only those skills that you are working on are practiced. It is impossible to start speaking or writing well in a foreign language by watching only TV shows and videos, just as it is impossible to sing well while playing the piano. One is interconnected with the other, but does not replace.
In general, YouTube is a wonderful thing. 85 percent of the content I watch is in English, and it really played an important role in my love story with this language. Watching videos greatly strengthens some basic vocabulary. And when you see and hear people speak a foreign language, you yourself want to do the same. Personally, I had this story. My American accent, which sounds almost perfect to me personally (it sounds self-confident, but I'm honest with you) was formed precisely through the pronunciation and repetition of what I saw on YouTube. All sorts of crazy make-up tutorials and culinary tips teach you to pronounce everything you do, and this greatly liberates your speaking skills.
At the same time, if you find bloggers / colleges from different English-speaking countries, you get very used to different pronunciation. It works not only as "looked and learned a new word", but also as an incentive, because to understand a really cool and interesting video, you need to strain your brain, remember the translation of the word, google it if you forgot, etc. Look for something that is interesting to you in the language you need and then you will feel yourself reaching out to learn it, because it will work like a key to a room with cool toys.
When I was studying Italian, I specifically googled interesting channels in Italian and started watch them. And it really works
At one time, watching TV shows and films and foreign music helped a lot with English. Lostfilm, for example, is voiced so that the speaker's speech (in English) is also heard. Some words were memorized just automatically. Thanks to this, she was one step ahead in a school where English is a second language (French was the first, if not Russian). Practice with a native speaker is also very important, as mentioned in the previous answer. There are many courses that are taught by native speakers. A student simply has to speak a foreign language, otherwise the teacher simply won't understand him.
For me personally, a big plus is that I find similarities in languages such as French, English, Italian, and the like, therefore, learn it becomes easier.
The experience of knowing other languages helps to study. And as for the very basics, then, oddly enough, knowing the Esperanto language helps me a lot. This is a brilliantly executed artificial language project that, once learned, opens the door to many other languages. Do not consider this comment as an advertisement for Esperanto (or, on the contrary, do). An important nuance: the language itself should be separated from the movement in support of Esperanto. The language is beautiful, the movement is the opposite.
Forgive me, but I cannot help but say that Russia does not have the Russian flag on the cover of your question. 😁😁😁 And in the study, watching TV shows, communicating with native speakers, reading books familiar to me, now translated into another language, etc. helps)