What disease could be attributed to Ilya Oblomov according to the modern classification of mental disorders?

What disease could be attributed to Ilya Oblomov according to the modern classification of mental disorders?

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answers (2)

Answer 1
June, 2021

Well, realists present us with a lot of such descriptions of diseases that it's time to insert them into a textbook. The main example is "The Death of Ivan Ilyich", in which the main character experiences the classic manifestations of stomach cancer.

Oblomov is a little more complicated, but if you omit the author's entire global message and look through the eyes of a psychiatrist, then he has everything the criteria for "Major Depressive Disorder", or to try to be more specific - "A severe depressive episode without psychotic symptoms" (ICD-10 F32.2, for example).

Why did it develop, this depression? Either it was an endogenous process, that is, predetermined to a greater extent by genes, or - hypothyroidism.

Moreover, hypothyroidism fits perfectly - in depressed patients it occurs very often, patients with this disease are obese, swollen, have atherosclerosis and strong fluctuations in blood pressure (bummer died early enough from a stroke!).

In conclusion, it should be said that it was not in vain that they ate so much in Oblomovka - very often patients with depression find a moment of salvation in food - and become incredibly fat.

Answer 2
June, 2021

Goncharov is a realist writer. What is realism? Well, in short, the reflection of reality, life as it is, as if without the conventions inherent in art. Therefore, Russian realism (or naturalism, if we are talking about the 1840s) was not interested in an exciting plot or descriptions of strong emotions and feelings, which is more inherent, of course, in romanticism.

Now about Oblomov. Goncharov wrote the main character mostly from himself. And the author himself was a lonely and relatively reserved person. He lived and died alone, without getting married (there is one rather dramatic and, I must admit, a typical love story) and without leaving offspring, but he could have taken advantage of (after all, a nobleman), like, for example, Turgenev, who partly broke "Goncharov (also another story).

In short, Goncharov suffered from depression in an era where such a diagnosis did not exist, in general. The same diagnosis can be made to Ilya Ilyich at critical moments in his life. Now compare Oblomov's realistic hero with the main literary characters of that era: Onegin, Pechorin and Bazarov. An identical diagnosis.

Finally, the following opinion is more likely from the field of conspiracy and belongs to the literary critic Vadim Rudnev, who believes that Oblomov's psychosexual development is impaired, namely, the oral phase is impaired. Moreover, oral fixation is observed in all the heroes of Oblomovka. Here is a quote:

"But the main concern was the kitchen and lunch. The whole house consulted about dinner; and the elderly aunt was invited to the council. Everyone offered his dish: some soup with giblets, some noodles or a stomach, some scars, some red, some white gravy for the sauce. <...> Taking care of food was the first and foremost life concern in Oblomovka.

It's funny that Oblomovka is a projection to the whole of Russia.

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