What are the symptoms and causes of cystitis in women?

What are the symptoms and causes of cystitis in women?

Cystitis: Definition, Causes and Epidemiology – Infectious Diseases | Lecturio

Previous questionIf this is “natural,” as some have argued, then why does gay behavior trigger a gag reflex in a normal person?
Next questionWhat health-related life hacks can you recommend to everyone?

answers (2)

Answer 1
January, 2021

One of the variants of urinary tract inflammation !! - cystitis - this disease is 80% considered a female ailment, due to the anatomical features of the female body.

In women, the bladder is more common needs to be emptied than in men, and is also more susceptible to attack by various microbes, bacteria and viruses that can cause cystitis in women.

The symptoms and treatment of this disease directly depend on a number of factors, the nature of the process, localization, the causative agent of infection and are classified by:

• by the localization of the inflammatory process in the urinary system - there may be damage to the mucous, muscular or submucosal layer of the bladder.

• by the nature of the course of the disease - acute or chronic .

• by morphological changes - catarrhal, cystic, ulcerative, hemorrhagic, granulomatous, tumor-like, etc.

• by pathogen - may be bacterial (E. coli, staphylococcus, streptococcus, ureaplasma , mi coplasma, gonorrhea, mycobacterium tuberculosis, etc.), viral, fungal and non-bacterial (allergic, medicinal, toxic, chemical, radiation), can be caused by protozoal infection (chlamydia).

For cystitis - which doctor

Cystitis is quite painful, with frequent urination, burning and sharp pain after emptying, with a constant feeling of fullness of the bladder, low body temperature, sometimes even with blood and mucus in the urine. If a woman has the listed symptoms, which doctor should I go to?

In case of cystitis in women, to clarify the diagnosis, you should first of all consult a urologist, since it is this doctor who is engaged in the diagnosis and treatment of cystitis, for examination it is necessary to pass a urine test - general analysis, for bacterial culture according to Nechiporenko, conduct an ultrasound of the bladder and cytoscopic examination.

In addition, you should definitely visit a gynecologist, since cystitis can often be caused not only by commonplace bacteria, but also be combined with infections sexually transmitted infections, therefore, a gynecologist's examination and a smear for the study of the vaginal microflora are also necessary. With cystitis in women, treatment includes both antibiotics and uroseptics, sometimes a doctor may prescribe bladder instillations, as well as physiotherapy.

Causes of cystitis in women

The most common cause of cystitis in women are infectious agents, since the close location of the vagina, anus, a short and fairly wide urethra are conducive to the penetration of various pathogenic microorganisms into the bladder along the ascending pathways. However, there are other ways of bacteria penetration into the urinary system:

• ascending route - urethral, ​​that is from the urethra

• descending route - on the contrary, from the upper urinary tract

• lymphogenous - from other organs of the small pelvis

• hematogenous - a rare way of penetration andInfections from distant organs.

When a woman develops symptoms of cystitis, you should not self-medicate, since there are a lot of causes of cystitis, pathogens, and for proper successful treatment, you must first determine them, clarify their sensitivity to antimicrobial drugs and only then, as prescribed by the doctor, to carry out complex treatment.

Cystitis in women is very rarely an isolated process, when hygiene disorders, constipation, colds, abuse of spicy foods or alcohol, the use of panties - thongs, change of partner, rare emptying the bladder, etc. cause the multiplication of banal pathogenic bacteria. In 80% it is Escherichia coli, in 15% staphylococcus, 5% other bacteria, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella, Proteus.

• Most often, cystitis occurs against the background of inflammatory processes in the vagina or in diseases of the female genital organs , such as bacterial vaginosis, thrush, sexually transmitted diseases (gonorrhea, mycoplasmosis, chlamydia, ureaplasmosis), sometimes cystitis accompanies tuberculosis of the female genital organs. Many latent infections and tuberculosis are asymptomatic for a long time, imperceptibly, a woman only periodically experiences some discomfort, low-grade fever, weakness, does not visit a doctor, and does not apply to diagnostic centers to study the cause of minor ailments.

• To additional provocative factors in the development of cystitis include pyelonephritis, stones in the bladder, urinary stagnation with diverticula.

• Very often cystitis occurs in pregnant women, this is explained by changes in the microflora and vagina, and urological tract, under the influence of endocrine and hemodynamic changes in the body of a pregnant woman.

• If a woman has diabetes mellitus, frequent manifestations of allergic reactions, she is exposed to constant toxic effects or treats cancer with radiation therapy - these are also risk factors for the development of cystitis.

• Sometimes, after surgical procedures, about peration, endoscopic examination, mucosal injury occurs, which contributes to the development of cystitis in women.

• Symptoms of cystitis also occur during menopause, since during menopause, atrophic changes in the body and a lack of estrogen are also reflected in the urogenital tract.

In addition to acute cystitis, many women suffer from a chronic inflammatory process against the background of either indolent infections listed above, or chronic cystitis in women is associated with prolapse of the uterus and vagina.

Symptoms of cystitis in women

After provocative factors, such as trauma, colds, after unprotected intercourse, an infectious disease, etc., acute cystitis may occur in women, which always begins very abruptly, suddenly:

• Dysuria - frequent urination, cramps in the bladder, burning andpain in the urethra, a constant desire to empty the bladder.

• Before urinating, a woman usually has to make an effort, push. The frequency of the urge is so high that the woman has to go to the toilet every 15 minutes, sometimes involuntary urinary incontinence occurs.

• Nocturia - the predominance of a nocturnal urge to empty the bladder.

• Pain usually accompanies the onset and the end of the urination process. Outside of the emptying process, pain is localized only in the pubic region and perineum. The intensity of pain can be different, from slight discomfort to unbearable, severe cuts.

• Almost always with cystitis in women, urine is cloudy, purulent.

• In acute cystitis, the temperature may rise up to 38C , respectively, there is weakness, deterioration of general well-being.

• Very often after the first acute process relapses of the disease occur, if acute cystitis develops again a month after treatment, therefore, this indicates persistence of the infection.

• With chronic cystitis in a woman, the symptoms and treatment of the disease are identical, it is only possible that the pain and frequency of urge to urinate are not so pronounced. During an exacerbation of the chronic process, a clinical picture of acute cystitis is possible, and during the period of remission neither laboratory nor symptomatic data indicate an inflammatory process.

Treatment of cystitis in women

For treatment and acute, and chronic cystitis in women, you should seek the advice of both a gynecologist and a urologist. Usually, with acute cystitis with adequate therapy, cure occurs literally in a week.

If the infectious nature of the onset of cystitis in a woman is confirmed, treatment is without fail aimed at destroying pathogenic microorganisms with antimicrobial agents, antibiotics to which pathogens are sensitive:

• Recently, fluoroquinolones, such as ciprofloxacin (Cifran, Ciprolet A), norfloxacin (Nolitsin, Normaks), fosfomycin (Monural), nitrofurans (Furadonin), have been widely used to treat cystitis in women. These drugs for the treatment of cystitis in women have side effects and have a number of contraindications, so their use is possible only as directed by a doctor.

• If the tests reveal a specific microflora, then the treatment includes possible antiviral agents, antifungal or antimicrobial.

• For severe pain, antispasmodics are prescribed - No-Shpa, Papaverine or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs - Diclofenac, Nimesil.

• If there are no allergic reactions to medicinal herbs, then you can use various options for herbal tea - lingonberry leaf, horsetail, bearberry. It is best to use herbs not in packaged packaging, but in the form of collection, powder - brew and infuse them like any ordinary decoction of medicinal herbs.

• Monural is a broad-spectrum antibiotic, uroantiseptic, which is effectiveactive agent for cystitis, a one-time intake of this drug is enough.

• There are also a lot of ready-made herbal medicines, which are used as adjuncts in the relief of an acute inflammatory process, they should be used for a long time, for a more lasting effect - Cyston, Kanephron, Fitolysin. Also, many people are helped by cranberries, cranberry juice for cystitis or a tablet form of a drug containing cranberry extract - Monurel.

• When treating cystitis, women should increase the daily amount of liquid they drink, for the speedy elimination of toxins from the body, it is also worth sticking to milk -plant diet.

Prevention of cystitis - useful tips for women

• Defloration cystitis and transient urinary tract infection associated with sexual life occurs with frequent change of partners, if the man does not observe hygiene and condoms are not used during intercourse.

• Compliance with personal hygiene is a guarantee of the absence of recurrence of bacterial cystitis. Use for intimate hygiene products with a neutral acid-base balance.

• Control the fullness and timely emptying of the bladder, avoid prolonged stagnation of urine.

• Hypothermia, especially wet feet in cold weather , provoke an exacerbation.

• Drink at least 2 liters of water, fresh juices or cranberry juice daily.

• Do not wear sheared panties if you have chronic cystitis, while wearing such underwear, intestinal the stick enters the urethra very easily. And also do not wear too tight clothes, jeans, they disrupt normal blood circulation in the pelvic region.

• Constipation also provokes recurrence of cystitis, try to include dried apricots, prunes, fresh cabbage and other fruits and vegetables in your daily diet .

Personally, I have cured cystitis with a natural remedy (containing all kinds of vitamins, zinc, chamomile and cranberry extract). The symptoms of the disease disappeared on the second day, and after a week the cystitis completely disappeared. For anyone interested, you can read about the drug here.

Answer 2
January, 2021

Usually, cystitis is caused by bacteria, most often Escherichia coli, and some sexually transmitted diseases can also cause cystitis. Symptoms are frequent urge to use the toilet, pain and burning sensation when urinating. In acute cystitis, there may be blood in the urine.

Related question

What are the causes of cystitis in women?

Read more

What are the symptoms of intestinal dysbiosis in women?

Read more

What are the symptoms and causes of psoriasis?

Read more

What are the symptoms of cystitis?

What are the symptoms of kidney disease in women?

Read more

What are the symptoms of liver disease in women?

Read more

What are the symptoms of thyroid problems in women?

Read more

What are the symptoms of multiple sclerosis in women?

Read more

What are the symptoms of thyroid disease in women?

Read more

Cystitis Review in 4 minutes, All you need to know

What are the causes of the disease and the symptoms of dementia?

Read more

What causes a spontaneous miscarriage in an early period and what are the symptoms?

Read more

How to identify symptoms of appendicitis in women?

Read more

What symptoms indicate that smoking has already caused dangerous diseases in the body? (For example cancer).

Read more

What are the symptoms of diabetes in a woman?

Read more

What is Cystitis?

What are the symptoms of otitis media in adults?

Read more

What are the symptoms of pancreatitis in a woman?

Read more

What are the symptoms of lactose intolerance in adults?

Read more

What are the symptoms of prostatitis in men and how to treat it?

Read more

What are the symptoms and consequences of a microstroke?

Read more

Cystitis – Infectious Diseases | Lecturio

What are the symptoms of asthma in adults?

Read more

What are the symptoms of coronavirus in humans?

Read more