Pros (there are many of them)
Ability to study substances, use them for medical and rehabilitation purposes This means that it will be possible not to only to significantly improve the standard of living of citizens, but also to organize the flow of medical tourists (and this is a lot of money and an incentive for the development of the industry).
Ability to seek help without any risk from outside authorities Today, any person who has had too much alcohol can seek medical help and will be put back on his feet relatively quickly. Those who use substances, in fact, are deprived of such an opportunity, since after the doctors, the police come to them, despite the fact that the use is not prohibited even today. The fact that not only is it impossible to buy naloxone (an antidote for opiates) and haloperidol (for those who overdid it with acid), but clean syringes are not always available, there is nothing to say. In addition, it will help to build an effective therapy program for those who are hopelessly addicted.
Returning users to normal life Repressive drug policy leads to the fact that the majority of drug users alike or otherwise find themselves in the sphere of the marginal. Even the most prosperous of them are forced to hide from time to time, get nervous, worry about their safety, lie to relatives and colleagues. What can we say about those who are heavily addicted to opiates? The whole life of an opiate passes in "muddies", from which patients with opiate addiction drop out of normal life and replenish the lower layers of the crime. Easy access to legal substances will allow them to find work again, build normal social bonds and, most likely, get off.
Drug tourism and related events Yes, people from across the hill, they will come to dance at all sorts of raves, listen to psychedelic rock, stoner metal and other music associated with substances, expand their minds with all sorts of gurus, solve family problems by taking MDMA together and just push themselves without the risk of going to prison, and therefore - to live in hotels, eating in public catering, using transport and so on. And this is all a lot of jobs and money in the budget.
This is not an exhaustive list!
Cons (in fact, not cons , and the lost opportunities for the state, which should not stop normal people)
The need to strengthen customs control Otherwise, neighboring countries will be very unhappy with the flow of smuggled substances and can initiate the imposition of sanctions.
The need for deep police reform The reason is obvious - most police officers will not be able to adapt to the new environment.
Discontent is conservative attuned part of society Nothing can be done about it.
There are several benefits. The first is economic. Illegal trade will become legal and pay taxes. At the same time, the costs of combating this type of crime will decrease: fewer drug police officers will be needed and less money for prison inmates. The second benefit is an increase in the quality of raw materials through the introduction of control and regulation. Third, sociologists assure that in countries that have legalized soft drugs, the number of "hard" drug addicts is decreasing, and mortality from drug use is falling. Fourth, additional jobs are being created. Fifth - all people around are becoming more fun and kinder;) I personally don't see any drawbacks, especially with regard to cannabis: whoever wants will get it anyway.
From the point of view of science, there are a lot of pluses. Firstly, many psychotropics are not fully understood, while their study at the moment is impossible - giving a person LSD or the same marijuana is a court case. At the same time, this is the ONLY way to study altered consciousness states in healthy people without harm in the long term. Why is it important? Because by studying the activity of the brain that accompanies, for example, hallucinations in a HEALTHY person, we will be able to understand the nature of the same schizophrenia much more accurately.
It is high time for drugs to become a common tool for working with a person, they need to be studied, safety techniques developed , to teach people to use them, and the ban only leads to the fact that everyone still falls off, only DXM beats or fucking salt, after which they go to their full heads, and there are a couple of thousand more disabled people in our state, and we are on them we also spend our taxes.
And most importantly, I believe that if something has always been, then it is inevitable, for something society needs it, our task is to understand why and how to implement it as environmentally friendly as possible, and not prohibit the inevitable!
First of all, from the ecological point of view, from the point of view of agriculture, until 1937, everyone quietly grew hemp, and if you take Ancient Russia, all the clothes were made of hemp, but when the USSR came, it all became tougher. Hemp was perceived not as a narcotic substance, but as a raw material.
The entire fleet of Peter I was built on hemp - the same ropes, our culture is very tightly connected with this plant. And the fact that such an attitude towards cannabis has appeared in Russia may be American propaganda. In addition, it is beneficial for cigarette manufacturers, because with legalization, cigarettes will start to smoke less. And this is a worthy alternative to alcohol: no one has ever died of grass, and this ladder system, which was promoted in Russia, that if you smoke grass, you sit on heroin, this is, of course, complete nonsense.
I am against legalization, I am for decriminalization. I am not in favor of trading, but for the fact that people are not imprisoned for the fact that they smoke. And industrial production should be controlled by the state.