What are the causes and stages of osteoarthritis and how to treat it?

What are the causes and stages of osteoarthritis and how to treat it?

Signs and Symptoms of Hip Osteoarthritis

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answers (2)

Answer 1
January, 2021

Osteoarthritis occurs due to a number of factors, such as weight, age, concomitant chronic pathology. Experts identify the main 3 pathogenetic causes of osteoarthritis:

dysplasia;

trauma;

inflammation.

Several factors contribute to the development of the disease

Dysplasia causes the progression of osteoarthritis due to the presence of congenital anomalies. There are other risk factors for osteoarthritis, due to which the development of pathology may begin:

obesity;

excessive physical exertion;

genetic factors (the presence of pathology in the nearest relatives);

injuries;

hormonal disorders;

rheumatological diseases.

Injuries are the most common causes of osteoarthritis, this includes dislocations , subluxations, fractures, bruises. In the absence of control of physical activity, cartilage is injured, its thinning with the transition to arthrosis.

My personal experience. The back in the lower back was very painful. I came to the hospital - they did an MRI, they said: “You have a hernia and osteochondrosis of the 4th degree. Get ready for the operation ”… I almost fainted there! Horrible! What operation, I'm only 38? It turns out that at this age you can get 4 degree osteochondrosis. But it all started with the usual pain in the lower back, which then became chronic, aching, then a lumbar hernia formed! She interfered with sleep and walking. I refused the operation because I was afraid of anesthesia: suddenly I would fall asleep and would not wake up anymore. I also have heart problems. As a result, they prescribed me a bunch of useless medications, and when I returned, the doctors simply shrugged their shoulders, saying what do you want, the operation must be done ... A couple of months ago, on the Internet, I came across one article that literally saved me. I regained my health and the pain is gone! I am so grateful to fate, the chance that led me to this article! Finally my spine is healthy, thanks to this article! Everyone who has pain in the back and joints - it is MANDATORY to read to everyone! Now there is NO PAIN, I sleep normally, I walk and work in the country. For anyone interested, you can read in detail an interesting article at this link

Answer 2
January, 2021

Deforming osteoarthritis is a disease of the joints with their degeneration and dystrophy due to damage to the cartilage tissue of their surfaces.

  1. At the first stage, the functions of the synovial membrane are gradually lost and the composition of the synovial fluid changes.

  2. In the second stage, destruction of cartilage and menisci begins, and lateral growths appear on the bone.

  3. At the third stage, there is severe arthrosis with severe bone deformity, violation of the axis of the limb, pathological mobility along with joint cruelty. As a result, natural movement is severely limited.

Treatment includes physiotherapy and pharmacotherapy. Physiotherapy is physical therapy and massage therapy by qualified medical professionals and diet therapy prescribed by a nutritionist. Pharmacotherapy includes anti-inflammatory drugs and chondroprotectors. Anti-inflammatories are NSAIDs that reduce inflammation and relieve pain. Chondroprotectors restore joints and cartilage, prevent their further destruction, relieve inflammation and pain.

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