No, massage shouldn't be painful. In the case of a therapeutic massage, a person turns to relieve pain; additional pain should not be inflicted. About "clamps", if the masseur is adequately prepared, he will approach the problem of removing the "clamp" competently and methodologically correctly (in accordance with the data on the client's health). You don’t need to hurt or crush badly. Then, if the client is experiencing intense pain, due to the underlying disease, massage may be contraindicated, since it is a hyper-irritant and may aggravate. In the absence of pain during diseases or preventive treatment, again there can be no pain during the massage (pain causes me personally tension and discomfort. I want to give it to the masseur in the eye). Yes, massage can be light, medium-deep, deeply worked out, but not painful. Pain is loved by certain categories of people (BDSM). Does the pain appear during massage? Fleeting, short-term, without consequences and does not appear anymore, then you can "close your eyes", but my advice is to ask the massage therapist to change tactics. When pain occurs, the massage therapist must be able to correctly assess the situation, stop the painful effect and take measures to eliminate the problem.
As a rule, the massage should be medium-not painful, but not too soft.
It all depends on the condition of your body:
How tense the muscles are
The degree of relaxation of your body during the massage
Type of massage (relaxing or deep tissue)
The degree of body disease (after injuries, sports, sitting work)
First session can usually be sensitive!
A very good question. A competent massage can be both painful and painless - it all depends on the individual patient and his tasks.
If the person has muscle clamps, the massage is likely to be painful. But as you relax and get used to the next sessions, the pain will go away. Although it happens the other way around: in the first session, the master works with superficial muscles and only at the next meetings does he move to deeper ones - and working with deep ones is always more painful.
In addition, the choice of massage technique depends on the patient's constitution. For thin, asthenic people whose feet are constantly freezing (Eastern medicine refers them to the Vata constitution), painful massage is often contraindicated - it will only excite the nerves and increase tension. But dense people or people prone to edema (Kapha constitution), on the contrary, like active massage and are suitable, and “light stroking” does not bring much benefit.
Professional masseurs know all these features and rules for choosing a technique, but indeed, rarely explain their actions to patients. And this is a very important part of the treatment, without which there is no trust. Therefore, talk to your massage therapist, do not hesitate to ask questions, tell about your feelings and ask to stop if the procedure gives you severe discomfort.
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First, you need to understand what kind of massage we are talking about and what purpose we are pursuing.
I'll start from afar.
A person suffers from pain in the lower back / shoulder joint / neck. What will be effective in his case? Therapeutic massage with targeted training of trigger points (you can learn what trigger points are from videos on YouTube, as well as learn about how to deal with them yourself).
This type of massage can be excessively painful for people with chronic muscle injuries (so-called MUSCLE FIBROSES) ... When performing shock wave techniques, vibration, kneading, and special techniques against triggers, a person may twist their face and sob in pain. Pain is a kind of trigger point detector. In general, I believe that knowing how to deal with trigger points and their location in the human body is the sacred duty of EVERY massage therapist. Something I digress from the topic, but oh well)
If we go to a classic massage for RELAXATION, then, of course, we should not experience painful sensations, but I want to note one important detail. If a person has active trigger points in the muscles (the most common places are the trapezius muscles; soleus and calf; square loins) and the person himself is very sensitive to kneading techniques (we work deeply on the muscles), then when kneading by a masseur, a person may experience pain.