Glaucoma is a chronic disease in which the nerve fibers of the optic nerve die, the intraocular pressure increases, and the visual fields are narrowed. Unfortunately, we do not know exactly what leads to the development of primary glaucoma. Therefore, our main task is to prevent the progression of this process. At the first stage of treatment, conservative treatment is most often used, the appointment of drops for a long time. In case of further progression of glaucoma, laser or surgical treatment is indicated. If the doctor recommends an operation, then there is no other effective way to save vision. Now antiglaucomatous operations can be performed using high-tech drains, so the risk of complications is minimal.
All types of treatment for glaucoma are aimed at normalizing intraocular pressure, improving nutrition of the tissues of the eye and optic nerve, as well as stabilizing visual functions. Many patients can be seen by an ophthalmologist for many years without the need for surgical treatment.
Just as alternative methods of treatment, laser surgery is now widely used, with many advantages:
It is important to understand that glaucoma is a chronic disease that cannot be cured, it requires lifelong observation by an ophthalmologist.
All existing glaucoma therapy today is designed to stop the progression of glaucoma as much as possible. Unfortunately, neither therapy nor surgery can cure. That is why it is important to see an ophthalmologist. The doctor can quickly intensify therapy if necessary. Surgery is an extreme measure that is used only if glaucoma does not respond to conservative treatment. In addition, the operation may be contraindicated in some cases, and may also result in complications. First of all, an ophthalmologist aims to reduce intraocular pressure to stop the progression of the disease. The next stage after the normalization of intraocular pressure is conservative treatment with the use of special drugs in order to improve nutrition, blood supply to the weakened optic nerve. Through complex treatment and regular monitoring by an ophthalmologist, it is possible to improve the condition of the optic nerve and stop the progression of the disease.