If my brain is transplanted to a person, will my consciousness in a new body result?

If my brain is transplanted to a person, will my consciousness in a new body result?

World's First Head Transplant Recipient Wants A Better Life | Good Morning Britain

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answers (3)

Answer 1
June, 2021

The question is funnier / sadder than it seems at first approximation ...

  1. The answer to the wording of the question: No, your consciousness will not work in a new body. "Brain" is not enough! :)

Sorry for the smile, but literally it is. Consciousness as a function of highly organized matter - the brain (a textbook definition of materialistic philosophy) at the scientific level is specified to: the physiological substrate (carrier) of consciousness (or rather the psyche, but so far this difference is abstracted) is the nervous system: central, i.e. the brain and spinal cord, and peripheral, distributed throughout the body. Therefore, the withdrawal and transplantation of only the brain calls into question the integrity of this system (both donor and recipient), and, accordingly, consciousness as its function. Consciousness can be and will be, but what and whose?

  1. The answer according to the logic of the question: No, your consciousness will not work in a new body. "You don't recognize your own"! :) Even in the anecdotal (and non-surgical!) Variant of moving consciousness into someone else's body (Love is a carrot, What women want, etc.), there is a problem of recognizing oneself in another, preserving (in spite of what happened) the former or finding (again in spite of what happened) of a new self-identity. I am afraid that in reality the situation is much more complicated: consciousness as an individual phenomenon is unthinkable without self-awareness, and this latter for a normal (average) person is not imaginable without bodily self-determinations - gender, age, genetic (here - inherited, such as anatomical features, hair color, color blindness, generic diseases or predispositions to them, etc.), acquired (injuries, development and hyperdevelopment as a result of training and lifestyle), etc. The explicit or implied content of the "I" will certainly include something like that one way or another ...

Now imagine the consciousness of Stephen Hawking in the body of Usain Bolt and vice versa (for clarity, I take these two equally worthy in their areas, undoubtedly conscious, but such bodily different people). I think that not only the second will experience the most severe shock when he realizes what happened to his body (or consciousness? - also a question ...). For Hawking, I can assume that the returned or acquired body can become a great temptation to abandon the fate of the theorist, to cease to be the same ...

In any case, mutual adaptation and assimilation is necessary, and its full attainability is problematic. It may well turn out that only an external observer can confirm the positive result of the experiment, but his testimonies may not suit the happy acquirer of a new body (or is it a new consciousness?): Bulgakov's Sharikov considers Preobrazhensky and Bormental to be idiots ...

  1. Answer according to the logic of the subject, i.e. consciousness: No, your consciousness will not work in a new body. Because the conditions for the meaningfulness of reasoning about consciousness have not been determined at least in a working order? The above doubts apply mostly to the psyche (see psychophysiological problem), consciousness is still not in the focus of our attention. And it focuses on such issues-problems that go beyond the scope of a brief discussion, such as:
  • What is "my brain"? What is this self-evident belonging of the brain to me, and how is it verified?

  • What is "my consciousness"? What are the conditions for the individuation and personalization of consciousness? What are the criteria for distinguishing between "mine" and "not-mine" in the form and content of consciousness? Is consciousness in principle someone else's?

  • Is (can there be) consciousness the subject of special reasoning (Mamardashvili: is a theory of consciousness possible?)? How to talk about consciousness in detail, without turning it into an object in a series of objects of consciousness (this is not an empty pun)?

And so on ...

  1. Maybe we'll wait a couple of years and hear the answer to your question "firsthand", ie from Sergio Canavero and Valery Spiridonov? :)
Answer 2
June, 2021

If we define consciousness as a pilot of human behavior, then, in addition to the brain, the hormones, the state of the nervous system, the level of health, etc., also affect the behavior. So whether consciousness will change under the influence of the recipient's organism, this question is left open for me

Answer 3
June, 2021

Existing scientific views suggest that yes, since consciousness, as is almost unanimously considered by the modern scientific community, is a function of the brain. But no one has yet tested this experimentally, and the specific mechanism of the functioning of consciousness is still unknown.

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