If a person descended from a monkey, then is there a chance that the species of animals that exist now, sooner or later, will evolve and acquire intelligence?

If a person descended from a monkey, then is there a chance that the species of animals that exist now, sooner or later, will evolve and acquire intelligence?

The Groupish Gene: Hive psychology and the Origins of Morality and Religion

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answers (2)

Answer 1
April, 2021

Exactly in the same form as with humans, the evolution of another animal cannot be repeated at the present time, since the ecological niche of an independent rational being is already occupied, and the acquisition of intelligence by animals will not give the same evolutionary advantages.

But over time, a symbiotic human mind (for example, in a domestic dog) can develop (naturally or artificially). This is a completely different evolutionary situation, since the dog's brain is from the very beginning immersed in a stream of complex information signals created by man, and the dog is physically surrounded by a human material culture (it does not need to create tools of labor itself, but it needs a mind to use ready-made ones). By the way, observations show that the cognitive abilities of dogs noticeably improve in a certain historical period, that is, at lightning speed by the standards of biological evolution.

Or, another mind may develop in the event of human extinction, when the ecological niche becomes free.

Answer 2
April, 2021

Stanislav Dobryshevsky, in his lecture course on anthropogenesis at PostNauka, argues that this is in principle possible, but this requires quite a lot of conditions.

Evolution has no goal, therefore the emergence of reason is the result of the coincidence of certain conditions. At the same time, anthropologists note that the development of the human brain is a rather risky process. Our brains consume a huge amount of energy, so it must provide significant benefits in the early stages in order for the tendency to develop in the course of natural selection to take hold. Just the absence of a large number of brainy animals just shows that in the course of evolution other paths of development are "chosen". A large brain leads to the fact that human cubs remain helpless longer, even in comparison with cubs of gorillas and chimpanzees, therefore more resources must be invested in a human cub.

If we talk about potential applicants for a human-like development, then Dobryshevsky indicates that these should be social animals with a predisposition to tool activity (the presence of fingers) and certain patterns of behavior. Therefore, under certain conditions in the long term, other intelligent species of animals may appear on Earth

Link to youtube.com course of lectures

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