How will the baby be affected by not breastfeeding? What can replace him and what will happen to the child because of this "replacement"?

How will the baby be affected by not breastfeeding? What can replace him and what will happen to the child because of this "replacement"?

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answers (7)

Answer 1
February, 2021

Nothing will be special if the mixture is good and of high quality, everything is fine. By the way, the quality of breast milk depends on how well the mother eats, whether she has bad habits, etc., and the mixture is always of the same composition that the baby needs, this is a plus. I gave my goat milk mixture. the Cabrit brand is called. An excellent nutritious product, easier to digest. provides everything the child needs. is more expensive than mixtures on cow's milk, but this is the health of the child! here without question, all the best for children

Answer 2
February, 2021

My son did not fit my milk, he vomited and cried, he was constantly hungry. The Cabrit mix was advised and we liked it very much. The regurgitation stopped, the baby began to eat with appetite, sleep well, and stopped bothering the tummy. The mixture is just excellent quality, it goes with goat milk, I read on the site that even goats are selected there of a certain breed!) Production in the Netherlands. Overall the mixture is very good. Of course, the price is high, but I'm calm about the quality!

Answer 3
February, 2021

Nothing terrible will happen, situations when mom, for various reasons, cannot feed quite a lot. We live in the 21st century and there are excellent adapted milk formulas from which the child will receive everything he needs. There are even mixtures on goat's milk - just a unique product, such mixtures are much more nutritious than on cow's milk, and easier to digest! for example, Cabrita goat milk mix is ​​produced in Holland, where quality control is very strict. from such a mixture, the child will definitely get everything he needs for development!

Answer 4
February, 2021

The absence of hepatitis B will affect immunity, the brain, and the sealing of gaps in the intestines.
Human milk consists of 2 parts: Milk - in the mother, INFANTIS bacteria - in the baby. When a bacterium is fed with OLIGOSACCHARID (which is abundant only in the milk of primates, but in HUMANES most of all), it occupies the entire intestine (if you do not feed other bacteria), and performs a number of FUNCTIONS:
1) Training the immune system
) Sealing intestinal cracks
3) Refinement of nutrition
4) Development of the brain
5) Temporary immunity to infection
Examples of diseases due to the absence of hepatitis B:
- DIABETES. If a child is given cow's milk ahead of time, then it is quickly absorbed due to wide gaps in the intestine (no 2 function), and an inept immune system, trying to stop a foreign protein, produces the wrong antibodies (no 1 function) that mistakenly attack the pancreas. as a result, she no longer produces insulin, and the child is addicted to injections. Moreover, poor intelligence of the immune system (when there is no 1 function) is the cause of ALL AUTOIMUNE DISEASES, in which the body's subsystems simply do not work, and doctors do not understand what to do at all.
- LOCAL INTESTINAL. If the bacterium did not have time to close the gaps (function 2), then the person will constantly live on a diet. All undigested, absorbed proteins are a threat, and the immune system gathers in the gut and stops doing other things. This effect - SDDP, works in a weaker form in everyone from cooked, especially high-protein foods, manifesting itself as warmth in the stomach. But with a leaky gut, a child is sensitive to any harmful deviation from the diet.
- VIRUS INFECTION. Human milk contains 200 types of oligosaccharides containing GLYCANS, which are similar to proteins on which viruses want to gain a foothold. As a result, babies' viruses cling to traps. And the artificial man does not have such traps.
- Many children (10-40% in undeveloped countries, and 60-70% in developed countries) do not have the Infantis bacteria. Maybe the mother drinks antibiotics, or the child is given, or the skin is washed with shampoos, or antibiotics are ingested in food during life. In countries where crossfeeding is accepted, there are fewer problems with the presence of Infantis bacteria.
- Will there be brain problems without HB? HB is beneficial for brain development, but not necessary. The development of the brain of any social animal depends on a variety of behavioral patterns (behaving differently with different people). This is the main rule, the rest is secondary.
- It is easier to replace your milk with donor milk. Even when feeding on the milk of sick women, glycans protect the baby from infection.
- The artificial laboratory bacterium Infantis can deceive the tests, but it does not perform the required functions.
Here you can read more and more emotionally, based on excerpts from the book by Ed Yong " How microbes rule us. " from. 102-106, 139-140:
https://m.vk.com/@161608263-chto-osobennogo-v-chelovecheskom-moloke

Answer 5
February, 2021

My mother was born in 1947 in Berlin - my grandparents lived there after the war, my grandfather was engaged in reparations. My grandmother was unable to breastfeed because of mastitis - once the newborn vomited pus. In general, there were no forums on lactation at that time, it was not possible to establish GV. Balanced mixtures were not delivered either. And somehow people and doctors did not know then that goat's milk is more suitable for human babies than cow's. In general, they fed my mother with oatmeal broth and cow's milk - my grandfather on a bike went out of town to the milkmaid. What to say. She is now 72 years old. She walks in high heels, is engaged in fitness, I don't even know whether she has issued a medical policy or not. Pah-pah-pah, of course. As for the brains - "gold medal", "honors", postgraduate studies in radio engineering.

This is not what I do not care what to feed. And the fact that children are actually much stronger than they seem. I myself am a fan of breastfeeding, with two children I have 5 years of lactation experience. But! I am really sure that there is nothing SUCH in human milk, at least after 6 months. For me, it’s just a much more convenient and cheaper way of feeding babies than messing with formula. But if I had to go to work early, early, or some other situation forced me to close the dairy factory, I would never think that I had not given something to my children. There are things that are much more fundamental than the way of feeding.

Answer 6
February, 2021
  1. The composition and significance of colostrum (the first milk that a mother has is immature). The composition of breast milk is adapted to the functional capabilities of the child's gastrointestinal tract and has a physiological expediency to change its composition as it grows. This is evidenced by the change in the composition of human milk in the first 15 days after childbirth. The content of protein, fat, vitamins changes in the transition from colostrum to mature milk by 1.5-7 times. Composition and value of colostrum. In the first days after childbirth, the mammary glands secrete colostrum, a thick liquid rich in proteins and minerals. The protein is dominated by non-metabolizable proteins (immunoglobulin fractions), which provides the child's anti-infectious protection. The highest concentration of various immunoglobulins (IgA - 1.5-4 g / l) is most important in the critical period of adaptation to extrauterine life. In essence, the mother, through breast milk, gives the child a "passive" immunization. At the same time, the low fat content reduces the stress of the digestive processes. Colostrum also contains enzymes, hormones and other biologically active substances. Colostrum has a high energy content, it contains more fat-soluble vitamins (A, E, D), some minerals (sodium, zinc). All these differences are explained in Table 15. Compared to mature human milk, colostrum contains less fat, lactose and water. The physiological role of colostrum: - protects the child from intense bacterial contamination, - reduces the risk of purulent-septic infections; - has a mild laxative effect.
  2. COMPOSITION OF MATURE WOMEN'S MILK Mature milk has an optimal and balanced composition of all nutrients. The protein content in human milk corresponds to the nutritional needs of an infant and is 0.9-1.3 g / 100ml, which is more than 2 times lower than in cow's milk (2.8-3.2g / 100ml). Human milk has the lowest protein content of all mammals. Scientific studies have proven that excessive protein nutrition when feeding a 1-year-old baby with cow's milk leads to an accelerated rate of biological maturation, determines the phenomenon of human biological aging, increases the risk of obesity and diabetes mellitus in subsequent years Protein fractions of mature human milk are subdivided as follows : • metabolizable proteins (food protein) - 70-75%, of which: - whey proteins (lactoalbumins, α-lactoglobulins, etc.) - 70-80% - casein - 20-30% • non-metabolizable whey proteins (non-food protein - IgA, lactoferrin, lysozyme, etc.) - 25-30% Breast milk is the richest source of biologically active proteins. More than 100 different proteins are described that make up the "minor" components of the protein fraction. High biological and nutritional value, as women's milk contains proteins of animal origin with a complete balanced set of amino acids, including essential ones, as well as proteins that have a protective effect. High digestibilityThe proteins in human milk are due to: • the predominance of whey proteins over casein. Despite the fact that human milk contains casein, its chemical structure makes it easier to digest, in contrast to casein in cow's milk. This is due to the fact that the molecule of casein in human milk is smaller than that of cow's milk, and the molecules of whey proteins are even smaller. This, basically, ensures the good digestibility of human milk proteins. • the changing ratio between whey proteins and caseins during lactation: 80: 20 - in the initial period, 60: 40 - in the middle of lactation and up to 50: 50 - in the late lactation period. • the presence of non-metabolizable whey proteins. These are proteins that are highly resistant to the acidic environment of the stomach and proteolytic enzymes. Thanks to this, they are not destroyed and have a biological protective effect throughout the entire gastrointestinal tract. • high-quality amino acid composition of proteins, the presence of free amino acids in milk, their balance. Breast milk is rich in essential amino acids, but it should be remembered that not 8, as for adults, but 9 amino acids are indispensable for young children (histidine is added to 8), and for premature babies - 11 (cysteine ​​and tyrosine are added to 9). In addition, unlike adults, young children are not able to synthesize taurine from cysteine ​​and methionine, so taurine for them is a conditionally essential amino acid. Breast milk also contains nucleotides, which account for up to 20% of non-protein nitrogen .. Nucleotides are structural components of DNA, RNA, ATP, are part of coenzymes, take part in protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism, affect immunity .. In addition Moreover, nucleotides have an effect on the digestive organs: the growth and development of the small intestine, the maturation and functioning of hepatocytes, intestinal regeneration, improvement of growth rates, and stimulate the growth of bifidobacteria. Nucleotides play the role of regulators in many biological processes. They can be synthesized in the body, so they cannot be called “irreplaceable” (essential) nutrients. However, if their synthesis occurs very intensively, then this requires large energy expenditures, and in newborns they are limited. Therefore, at the highest possible growth rates, infectious diseases, the value of food nucleotides increases significantly
  3. Fats. The fat content in human milk is subject to significant fluctuations over a wide range (from 31-35 to 41- 52g / l) and largely depends on the woman's diet, increases during the lactation period, during the day. The first portions of milk ("front" milk) have a low concentration of fat, while the fat released at the end of the feed ("back" milk) contains a significant amount of it. The higher fat content in the last portion of milk will keep the baby satiated. The role of fats for the child's body is great, since they provide 50% of energy consumptionblessings of the child. Distinctive features of breast milk fat are: - the presence of lipase promotes the digestion and complete assimilation of breast milk fat, starting from the mouth; - high degree of dispersion provides ease of action of digestive juices; - high content of unsaturated (PUFA) and low content of saturated fatty acids - relatively high levels of cholesterol and phosphatides - breast milk has an optimal fatty acid composition. It has a fairly high content of mono - and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) 15 times more than in cow's milk. In the fats of human milk, 150 fatty acids have been identified, 11% of which are represented by unsaturated essential fatty acids that are not synthesized in the body. The highest concentration of these acids is observed in the first months of lactation and their optimal amount ensures the health of the child not only in the first year of life, but also in subsequent age periods. There are no other sources for these fatty acids in infants, suggesting the need for long-term breastfeeding. In particular, the content of essential linoleic acid (of the ω-6 fatty acid family) is 0.4-0.5 g / per 100 ml, or 18% of the total of all fatty acids. This acid is necessary for the formation of the immune system, it participates in the formation of arachidonic acid, ensures its inclusion in the composition of cytomembranes and the synthesis of prostaglandins. In breast milk, there is a small amount (1.6 of the total fatty acids) of long-chain fatty acids of the ω-3 family, α-linolenic and its derivatives - eicosopentoene docosahexaenoic fatty acids, which are necessary for the formation of the brain and photoreceptors of the retina; improve visual memory and visual acuity. They have a positive effect on the psychomotor development of children, contributing to an increase in the index of mental development, improve motor and cognitive functions, balance the processes of excitation and inhibition, myelenization of nerve fibers, the formation of the surfactant system of the lungs, prevent the development of atopy. At the same time, the ratio of ω-6 and ω-3 fatty acids in human milk is 10: 1, 7: 1, which is considered optimal for ensuring the normal metabolism of these acids in the body
  4. Carbohydrates are the main source of energy and contribute to the normal oxidation of fats. The need for coal-water in an intensively growing child of 1 year of life is high and it is fully provided by human milk. The carbohydrate content in human milk is on average 70-74 g / l. In breast milk, they are contained mainly (90%) in the form of β-lactose. Unlike alpha lactose in cow's milk, beta-lactose in human milk reaches the large intestine, where it is fermented with the participation of bifidobacteria into lactic acid, which ensures a low stool pH in breastfed children and protects the intestines from colonizing pathogenic flora. Β-lactose stimulates also synthesis by intestinal microbes ingroup B itamines, affects the composition of lipids, contributing to a decrease in neutral fats, an increase in lecithin. Unsplit lactose increases the passive absorption of calcium in the peripheral part of the small intestine, affects the absorption of iron, zinc, copper, magnesium. The predominant content of lactose among carbohydrates is of great biological importance due to the presence in it of a monosaccharide - galactose, which promotes the synthesis of galactocerebrosides, which form the myelin sheath of nerve fibers and mucopolysaccharides of the eye. Human milk carbohydrates β-lactose and oligo (components of the bifidus factor) promote the growth of bifidobacteria and the formation of normal intestinal microflora of the child. The bifidus factor contains acetylneuraminic (sialic) acid, the content of which in human milk is significantly higher than in cow's milk. The ratio of all sialic oligosaccharides of "total bifidogenic activity" of human milk to cow milk is 40: 1. Substances of this factor stimulate the growth of bifidobacteria and inhibit the growth of pathogenic microbes by blocking their enzyme systems. Hence, human milk has prebiotic properties.
  5. The early clinical signs of malnutrition (vitamins) include changes in the child's behavior: increased fatigue, irritability, tearfulness, nervousness, slight dystrophic changes in the skin and its appendages, as well as mucous membranes, can be observed. Timely identification of such conditions allows you to make the appropriate correction in time to the diet or prescribe medications.
    Expressed symptoms of malnutrition are appetite disorders, dysfunction of the digestive system, pallor, dystrophic changes in the skin and mucous membranes, a decrease in the subcutaneous fat layer, a decrease in the rate of increase in body weight or weight loss, and in more severe cases, growth retardation. In case of malnutrition in children, lethargy, lack of exercise, lack of interest in games and activities are noted. Children are easily susceptible to illness, especially acute respiratory viral infections. Their diseases often take a protracted and recurrent course, and can lead to complications. As a rule, malnourished children form a group of frequently and long-term ill children.

It can only be replaced with adapted mixtures with the corresponding article (0/1/2, depending on the age of the child), taking into account the calculation of the daily amount of food, single volume, frequency of intake, increments.

However mixtures of the immune function for a child do not carry in themselves, which significantly increases the risk of developing infectious diseases in infancy.

Cow's milk for breastfeeding is categorically not suitable.

Answer 7
February, 2021

Since the question fell to me, I will answer from personal experience.

I breastfeed the child, but I did not succeed in doing this for a long time, he ate rather sluggishly, in addition, apparently, he tasted the mixture back in the hospital (where he was fed to her for the first couple of days, until he was given to me). Well, you can replace breast milk with formulas, all pediatricians unanimously told me about the quality of modern formulas, and that there is no need to be afraid of them. The child was healthy and well-nourished, many doctors or just some people often said that the baby was so strong, probably "mother's milk eats well", although by this time he had long been completely on mixtures.

To summarize, so to speak - you can absolutely safely feed your baby with milk formula, observing the proportions and all recommendations from the can. We live in the XXI century, so let's enjoy the benefits of civilization, our great-grandmothers would probably give a leg for disposable diapers, milk formula, different bottles, nipples, and other bunch of different podlud.

Breastfeeding is wonderful , your milk is the best food for your baby (first year of life, just in case). But you do not need to harass yourself and consider yourself inferior if you have problems with GW and milk simply runs out, for example. Choose carefully the mixture according to age, watch the child's well-being, do not give more or less than the manufacturer recommends, relax, you are an excellent mother.

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