Main ways of protection:
A condom with a partner whose HIV status is unknown to you, or who took an HIV test more than six months ago.
Sterile syringe (if you are an injecting drug user).
A sterile medical device (if you are receiving medical care).
HIV chemoprophylaxis (if you are a pregnant HIV positive woman and do not want to pass HIV to your baby during pregnancy or childbirth).
Breast milk substitutes (if you are an HIV-positive woman with a newborn baby).
There are also pre-exposure prophylaxis and post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV.
To protect yourself from AIDS, you must first prevent the transmission of HIV.
Use a condom during sex.
For those who are not afraid of other STIs and unplanned pregnancy, there is PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis of HIV).
If, nevertheless, there was unprotected contact with a risk of infection - that is, PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis of HIV), but it is effective if you start taking it no later than 72 hours from the moment of contact. The sooner the better.
The immunodeficiency virus is transmitted from one person to another through biological fluids: blood, semen and pre-ejaculatory secretions, vaginal secretions and breast milk. In saliva, tears, sweat or urine, according to experts, the concentration of the virus is too low to cause illness.
It follows that kissing, using the same dish, touching do not carry any risk. It is also impossible to get infected by air. Fluids containing the virus can only enter the human body through tissue and skin damage.
Here are some specific steps you can take to stay safe:
Avoid casual sex partners. Always use a condom for all sexual intercourse.
Do not use drugs, especially those that are injected.
Donate blood periodically to check for the presence of the virus. If HIV is detected, immediately proceed with the treatment prescribed by your doctor.
Always use only sterile injection needles and syringes, in healthcare facilities and tattoo parlors, ensure that sterile equipment is used.
These are just the main points, more information can be obtained, for example, at spid.ru or o-spide.ru.