Regarding how to meditate correctly, there are several classic techniques that allow you to develop awareness (increase the level of awareness), help you train to track your attention, control it. For beginners, the technique of observing your breathing is recommended (you observe the visible movements and physical sensations with each inhalation and exhalation for several minutes) and awareness of your body parts (you are consistently aware of your arms, legs, head, and so step by step the whole body) ... On the site how-to meditate.rf you can get acquainted with standard instructions, video lessons and perform an accompanied meditation (when the instructor consistently tells you what to do. Also, one of the standard recommendations is not to look for and not expect any special, meditative state, since it will not come immediately and will not be at all what you imagine it to be. The mastering of a skill occurs at about the same speed as a five-year-old child mastering cycling or skiing. You will get the benefit even if you just try to start lessons and make 1. Also, the first lessons can be extremely short - if it is difficult for you to sit still for a long time, give it at least 1 minute, at least 30 seconds. Daily repetition of practice is more important. After a little getting comfortable, you can gradually increase the duration of daily activities, bringing them up to 30 minutes - 1 hour.
The word "meditation" refers to different states. If we discard various new age and schizotericism, then discard all mysticism and religious beliefs, then the bottom line is 2 benefits. 1. The skill of managing your attention. Most ts "conscious action" is somehow associated with attention. If I have learned to manage my attention, then I get a certain bonus in all these actions. In a simple way: it is much easier for me to concentrate or relax, it is much easier for me to control my emotions, I can not think about the white monkey for as long as I want, etc. etc. This skill does not solve all problems, but life becomes more comfortable.
"How to understand that you have fallen into a meditative state?" - different people have different reactions, and it all depends on the psycho-emotional human condition. So there are no strict criteria and cannot exist. The only thing I can say is that if what a person is doing leads him to meditation, then at first he is constantly distracted by something (it will scratch up somewhere, then some pictures in front of his eyes, then some other nonsense), then (where after a couple of months) he falls into a slight euphoria, and even then, when the euphoria in the process lets go ... maybe this will be meditation. Or maybe not. It's hard to say in absentia. But something similar to euphoria is passed by enough people to mention this phenomenon.
"About how to do it right?" - there is no single canon. Many people find that it is better to meditate while sitting, with the condition that the back is as vertical as possible. This simplifies the process a little, because tension in the muscles of the back makes it difficult to meditate to the point of complete impossibility. But if there is a person sitting like in a picture, then this is by no means a guarantee that he is meditating correctly. In fact, you can meditate while sitting, standing, lying down, and even while walking. Meditation is a state of mind, not a state of the body. But at first, you can make your task a little easier and minimize distractions as much as possible. And how exactly to do this ... it is necessary to look at the situation. If I had such a task, I would have found somea quiet, quiet place where there are no people and no bright light, but this approach makes sense for my character, and is not some kind of universal recipe.
Up * K Read moreDaniel Golman, a well-known author of books and articles on Buddhist meditation in America, belongs to the generation of "seekers of new dimensions." The desire to practically, on one's own experience, to learn all the heritage of spiritual traditions, to diversify all this from the standpoint of modern man and to discover the fundamental unity of various spiritual and mystical paths of all countries, eras and peoples - a unity applicable to the world of modern post-industrial civilization with its culture - such is the characteristic feature and pathos of this generation. One of the attempts of such a synthesis is the book by Daniel Golman, offered in Russian translation, "The Variety of Meditative Experience".
Here I answer your question in great detail, describing the objective signs of meditation, and also explaining how meditation can be useful.
How does medicine explain the state in which a person is during meditation?
If you are fluent in English, then there is a good meditation course, where theory and different preconceived opinions are analyzed, and practical lessons are given. Plus there is a forum where you can ask your questions. www.coursera.org