I will try to tell you in detail about the scheme of treatment and prevention, thanks to which I got rid of acne by 80-90 percent. I am not a doctor, not a professional cosmetologist or dermatologist, and therefore I will only talk about the method that helped me.
The most important thing to understand when starting the fight against acne is a disease, and therefore one cosmetic products will not work. You don't treat colds with heating pads alone, right?
What did I have on the eve of the treatment? Inflammation on my face began to appear in my early adolescence (11-12 years), somewhere around 14 disappeared for a long time (six months), and then I made a fatal mistake, which entailed the spread of the disease across my face: squeezing out acne.
So, RULE NUMBER 1: NEVER REMOVE acne. Hit yourself on the hands, ask your family to hit on the hands, but never do it! Thus, if you do not carry out this operation correctly, you will bring the infection into the deeper layers of the skin and significantly expand the area of infection. Remember, DO NOT touch inflammation. It is possible to "squeeze out" a pimple only if it is several days old, it has become white and does not hurt. At the same time, for the sake of your skin, you MUST observe all hygiene rules: wipe your hands and the affected area with alcohol before removing the pimple, after carrying out the manipulations, treat the wound with Salicylic acid (it costs about 20-30 rubles in the pharmacy) or Chlorhexedin (also inexpensive). In no case should salicylic acid be applied to the entire face, because it will dry the skin, which will cause increased production of oil by the skin and the appearance of new acne.
This implies a very important RULE NUMBER 2: NEVER TOUCH YOUR FACE with dirty hands , reusable shared towels (family) and do not go to bed on pillowcases made more than three days ago. Accordingly, you can touch your face ONLY with CLEAN hands, previously thoroughly washed in hot water and soap, you need to wipe your face ONLY with DISPOSABLE paper towels (I use Zewa towels, sold in oblong boxes of different colors, one hundred pieces each). This rule cannot be neglected, since you will plant microbes on the already unhealthy skin. Be sure to wipe the phone with alcohol wipes every two days, no matter if you are talking through headphones or a device, since the phone is most likely in your hands all the time.
RULE NUMBER 3: If you use cosmetics, it is MANDATORY immediately after coming home, WASH it with good quality micellar water. But! Also, be sure to wash off micellar water from your face with plain warm water, do not leave any chemicals on your face, let your skin and pores breathe freely! This is the most important rule that you should know, figuratively speaking, as "Our Father". With regard to various washers, etc., remember: do not expose your skin to aggressive effects. Until acne passes, about scrubs, brushes, washcloths, etc. worth forgetting once and for allotherwise they will work on the same principle as squeezing pimples.
RULE NUMBER 4. Carefully control WHAT, HOW and WHERE you eat. Forget about soda, fast food, chips, candy and other rubbish that spoils not only the skin, but also the figure. Drink plenty of water, natural juices, regularly eat soups and a hot second, forbid yourself to eat dry food and hastily. If you live in a hostel and like to eat in a student canteen, then get your SEPARATE CUTLERY SET (FORK, SPOONS, PLATE, GLASS should ONLY belong to you). Never drink or eat from the same utensils from which others eat, as this will transfer another infection that causes inflammation to you. This rule is MANDATORY for execution (like others). In extreme cases, use disposable devices.
Everything is with the rules. Now to the treatment regimen.
Within THREE MONTHS it is necessary to drink a medicine like Unidox Solutab. It is sold in every Russian pharmacy, it costs about 300-400 rubles. The first week you need to drink twice a day, the remaining time - once a day. IN NO EVENT SHOULD YOU SKIP TAKING MEDICINES, YOU SHOULD DRINK IT AT THE SAME TIME. Be sure to read the instructions for use. Without this medication, there will be no lasting and obvious effect. I started to see clear improvements already in the first week of using the medication.
Inflammation while taking the medication should be lubricated with Baziron (approximately 800-900 rubles). It will not be superfluous to purchase other products from this line (lotion, moisturizer, cleanser).
I started fighting acne at the end of March, today my skin condition has improved significantly. Remember that it must be protected and not injured!
Good luck to you in the fight against this skin disease.
For a start, the bad news: if you clearly answer the question posed, then the answer will be "nothing". The second news is good: with the right approach, you can reduce discomfort and external signs of the disease to a minimum.
So, a little theory. Acne (or acne) is a chronic recurrent disease of the skin and its appendages (sebaceous glands, hair follicles), which is accompanied by excessive production of sebum, blockage of the mouth of the sebaceous glands and the appearance of open and closed comedones, inflammatory papules, nodes on the skin. Unfortunately, there is no one magic pill or procedure that will cause the skin to produce less sebum and remove all inflammatory elements once and for all. But it is quite possible to achieve long-term remission, i.e. to minimize the manifestations of this disease: get rid of inflammatory eruptions, reduce oily skin and reduce the number of comedones ("blackheads" and "white bumps").
How to achieve this? To be honest, the list of methods for dealing with acne is too extensive. The treatment plan depends on many individual indicators (gender, age of the patient, his hormonal status, concomitant diseases, etc.), and if you describe all of them, you get something like "War and Peace with Acne." But there are some general rules that I will try to describe.
Remember, do not self-medicate under any circumstances! It is absolutely absolutely necessary to seek the help of a dermatologist or dermatocosmetologist in order to prescribe the necessary examinations and choose a treatment. This is especially true in cases of moderate to severe acne. Many home remedies are not just useless, they can even worsen the skin condition.
Get ready for long-term systematic treatment. The process of getting rid of acne manifestations will be slow and gradual.
The treatment plan should include an examination to identify the causes of the disease, the appointment of special procedures and the individual selection of special home care. Among the procedures that can be used, the most popular are peels, cleanings, and laser procedures. At the same time, the list of possible variations and combinations of procedures is incredibly wide.
And one more important point: the same procedure, or cream, or whatever it is, will help one, but will not help another. Remember, there are no effective and ineffective procedures - there is a correctly and incorrectly selected treatment plan.