In addition to all of the above, I will tell you about two gadgets that were invented in order to combat lack of sun in the northern countries and related psychological disorders: Philips goLite BLU and their wakeup lights - the first simulate sunlight, sit in front of them for 20-30 minutes in the afternoon; the second is a natural sunrise and sunset, to make it easier to wake up and join the routine of life. And the most curious gadget - Human Charger, was invented by the Finns, they raised money by crowdfunding. These are headphones that emit the equivalent of sunlight. The inventors of the device claim that the human brain is able to capture light through the ear canals, and thus the HumanCharger effectively energizes users because their brain thinks it is at a resort. humancharger.com, who are interested in the details.
On my own I would add that years of living in the north and visits to the far north were painless. In childhood, you generally worry less about this, the main thing is to have something to do. It was hard to get up in the dark, I remember that. But they did not sit at home when it was getting dark. We were hanging out in an ice town with a magic lighting and eating cakes :)
There is a polar day and a polar night in Antarctica. Due to the ozone hole over Antarctica, solar radiation is very strong there. In addition, the rays are reflected from the snow, making the effect of light even stronger. When working during the day, if you do not take care and do not protect yourself, the skin burns to burns. So, during the Antarctic summer, there is no need to talk about the deficit of sunlight.
Then the polar night sets in, and the most powerful weapon of any polar explorer is used. It's called patience. You can drink vitamins, you can console yourself with delicious food in the galley, if you find a good chef - real, polar, caring. You can keep yourself occupied, in addition to work, with interesting things, you can love sports and a bath. But until the sun comes out, the darkness and accompanying shortcomings will have to be endured.
In Antarctica, they are very happy with the first ray of sunshine after the polar night - they always go to meet the whole station. We even had a small party with a feast and a cake.
The lack of sunshine can only be compensated for by a trip to sunny lands in the midst of the polar night, which we, in fact, are trying to do.
If this is not possible, then it is easier for the body to cope with the lack of light if several "rules" are observed: go to bed a little earlier and sleep a little longer, drink fish oil, eat a lot of vegetables and fruits.
At noon it is imperative to go outside for at least 10-20 minutes and generally be active - do sports, yoga, dancing, skiing - whatever you like.
Communication with people helps a lot - the polar night is, in principle, a very cozy and social time.
Artificial "sunlight" light helps, all these lamps are Phillips. From personal experience, I would not say that life is somehow changing dramatically and you need to adapt to it for two months, but the arrival of the sun is still very anxiously expected and is happy to meet.
And on a polar day, all the hardships of the polar night are immediately forgotten.
I have been living in Chukotka all my life, for me this is a certain kind of norm. I was never really worried about the lack of light, it's more of an inconvenience than a problem. The only thing that changes is that I switch from motorcycle to snowmobile and dress warmer. I do not have any particular yearning for the sun, although, of course, I am glad that spring is coming.
But during the polar nights he sleeps especially well.
The polar night in Murmansk lasts from December 1 to January 12. The best thing to do during this time is to maintain a positive mood. In Murmansk, during the polar night, the city authorities make a fabulous illumination, which slightly compensates for the darkness for a month and a half. We love to walk in the fresh air, eat fruit and play sports - we go cross-country and downhill skiing, ice skating, snowboarding. In our city there is a tropical swimming pool (a mini-water park) where you can sunbathe in a solarium and ride on water slides.
In general, during the polar night, we love to pamper ourselves: we go to the sauna, cinema, eat delicious food in a cafe and often visit each other. In fact, it helps a lot to maintain immunity and save yourself from depression.