There are 3 cancer treatments in total:
Most often, a combination of these methods is used, but sometimes one of them is sufficient. To understand how to treat a specific case of cancer, you need to diagnose and find out what kind of cancer it is and how much it has spread.
In order to understand what kind of cancer it is, a biopsy is done: they take a piece of the tumor and look under a microscope ...
To understand where the cancer has spread (the stage depends on this), additional studies are carried out: computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
It is important to make an accurate diagnosis better to choose a treatment. Some cancers respond poorly to certain types of treatment, for example, they may be slightly sensitive to drug or radiation therapy.
Early cancers are usually removed surgically, and then additional drug therapy, radiation therapy, is performed. Common cancers usually do not need to be operated on, they are treated with medications.
Today, all over the world, new methods of diagnosis and treatment of cancer are being actively developed. The efforts of tens of thousands of scientists and doctors are not in vain: according to various estimates, from 30% to 50% of patients, whose disease was previously estimated as fatal, now have a very real chance of life. The main methods of fighting cancer are: chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, immunotherapy, targeted therapy.
Source: https://mediglobus.com/en/overview-of-modern-methods-of-treatment- oncology /