Drugs can be harmless. The question is very vague, you ask as if everyone is given anesthesia with the same substances or everyone has the same reaction to it. If the anesthesiologist is good, there will be almost no harm. If anesthesia is indicated for the operation, it means that there are reasons for this, it is not just done. It is necessary to turn off consciousness during extensive and long-term operations, when using muscle relaxants (a person is not in high gear to watch how his respiratory muscles turn off), when it is inappropriate to use local anesthetics.
Many patients think about the effect of anesthesia on the human body. How is it dangerous? And what are the consequences of using it?
Even anesthesiologists themselves cannot give an exact answer. But their opinion boils down to the fact that anesthesia has a rather negative effect on the body.
Anesthesia is a condition that can be compared with loss of consciousness, but is reversible in nature. Its main function is to relieve patients from physical pain during operations, therefore anesthesia is used in surgery. Anesthesiologists select the appropriate dosage of anesthetics, based on the individual characteristics of the body, as well as the type of surgery being performed.
The effect of anesthesia on the body , first of all, depends on the type of anesthesia. There are three types of anesthesia used in anesthesiology: intravenous, intramuscular, and inhalation. The choice of anesthesia is influenced by the qualifications of both the surgeon himself and the anesthesiologist. The physical condition of the patient and the complexity of the operation are also important. The anesthesiologist calculates the ideal mixing proportions of various drugs and chooses the type of anesthesia individually for each patient.
Each anesthesiologist can draw conclusions for himself on how the patient's anesthesia went. If during the operation everything went as usual, the heart and lungs worked normally, and there were no complications during the anesthesia, then the anesthesia went well. But if something went wrong, there were changes in the work of organs, then the anesthesia went badly.
In the case when everything is going well, anesthesia does not have any effect on the patient's life expectancy, but mild side effects are possible for example, weakening of hair follicles, which leads to hair loss. When everything went badly, it is not possible to deny the effect on life expectancy.
But such conclusions can be made by anesthesiologists only in a specific period of time, that is, when the patient is in the clinic and with obvious shifts in the process of anesthesia. Further consequences are known only to the patient himself.
General anesthesia has a negative effect mainly on the child's body. And the younger he is, the more dangerous his consequences. Scientists have come to the conclusion that anesthesia affects the development of the nervous system and can even cause the death of brain cells. Some children lag behind in their development after using general anesthesia, but soon they catch up with their peers.
The harm of general anesthesia is also manifested in memory impairment, both from minor cases to pronounced. Sleep disturbance is also possible, which manifests itself not only immediately after the application of anesthesia, but also possibly after some time. In the near future after anesthesia, speech and hearing impairment, headaches and hallucinations are possible.
Before applying general anesthesia, it is necessary to establish the patient's mental calmness. The qualifications of the anesthesiologist directly affect the success of the operation.
General anesthesia is still not harmlessand leaves its mark on the human body. But you have to choose, and a small effect is much better than the physical pain of surgery.
Interested in the mechanism of action.