Google articles about burnout. Better even in English, in Pabmed.
Occupational burnout wiki
First, they rarely die on the table for no reason. Usually the condition is understood in advance and it did not arise because of the surgeon.
You are probably asking about good surgeons?
Unexpected death - no time to think, resuscitation measures. Then disassembly, not one surgeon is involved, analysis is work. It is emotional thinking that will be much later than the event and will depend on the person.
And emotions ...
The work of a good surgeon. Operations one after another, bypassing the patients, on your day off, too, give up part of the vacation, postpone. You come home and try to dial the code on the refrigerator (there are medical refrigerators with locks in the hospital).
Emotions are such a thing, they need time and communication.
Have you ever thought how the surgeon feels when he saves on the operating table? )
What does a person feel who knocked down a pedestrian to death, and for some reason they were not restricted in freedom? It's hard to predict. The thoughts and feelings that take possession of each person depend on the mentality of his mind, on his attitude as a whole to existence. But in general, as they say: "Learn from mistakes." Therefore, a good surgeon is a doctor with good practice, because a smart surgeon learns from the mistakes of colleagues.
I don't know how he feels, but everyone, not only a surgeon, but a doctor, has their own little cemetery. In fact, it seems to me that morally it is very difficult.