How do ethyl and methyl alcohols affect the nerve cell? What irreversible processes are taking place in it?

How do ethyl and methyl alcohols affect the nerve cell? What irreversible processes are taking place in it?

Alcohol, Alcoholism and Inhalants

Previous questionWhy don't people decompose alive, but only after death?
Next questionIs it dangerous to play games on your computer?

answers (2)

Answer 1
August, 2021

Metabolic products of ethyl and methyl alcohol are more poisonous.

There are 2 enzymes in the liver that can "utilize" the alcohols that have been received. Methanol under the action of the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase decomposes into formaldehyde, and ethanol into acetaldehyde. Formaldehyde is more toxic than acetaldehyde, which is why methanol is considered more hazardous than ethanol. Then, after some time, aldehydes under the action of another enzyme - aldehyde dehydrogenases decompose to the corresponding carboxylic acids - formic (methane) for methanol, and acetic (ethane) for ethanol. These compounds no longer pose any threat to the body; later they decompose with the formation of carbon dioxide and water. But the enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase works at different rates for everyone, and therefore alcohol intoxication lasts for everyone in different ways.

Methanol causes blindness precisely because of damage to the ocular nerve.

Answer 2
August, 2021

the question seems to be simple, but Google did not give a clear and understandable answer. a chemistry teacher told me that people die from methanol, but I did not understand how it affects nerve cells purely chemically and biologically. I had a grandfather paralyzed on the left side. I also did not understand how ethanol does it .... I did not understand anything ... I will be glad to read your succinct answers.

Related question

How Do Doctors Take the Hippocratic Oath? How does this process take place?

Read more

What is the difference between residency and internship? And how does the learning process take place in them?

Read more

How does the cremation process take place?

Read more

Natural Anti-Aging Technologies for Customers in the United Kingdom

If you cut off an erect penis, how long will it remain erect and what processes will take place in it?

Read more

What physiological mechanisms lead to the formation of alcohol dependence, why does it take place in several stages and for so long? Where do hard drinking come from?

Read more

The upper 6th tooth is destroyed. How does the implantation procedure take place and how long does this process take? How painful is it?

Read more

Is it true that nerve cells die during stress? How and why does this happen?

Read more

How much nerve cells are restored? What does their recovery depend on?

Read more

Lecture 13 Introduction to the Pharmacology of Alcohol

How to relieve stress? After all, we all know nerve cells do not regenerate

Read more

Is it true that alcohol irreversibly spoils the eggs, so that even a glass of champagne, drunk by a girl 10 years ago, can affect the unborn child?

Read more

What would the birth process be like if it took place in zero gravity?

Read more

What processes take place in meat and minced meat when they just start to deteriorate? How dangerous is food made from them?

Read more

What is more harmful to health: a liter of wine or a liter of beer (with equal ethyl alcohol content)? And how are these two "harms" different?

Read more

The Psychopharmacology of Alcohol

What are your recipes for a good mood? And in general, what are the sources of serotonin? Nerves nerves 😭Do not offer chocolates, jeans are against !?

Read more

Why does a person belong to the "reasonable" species, while he himself drinks ethyl alcohol and uses what destroys him?

Read more

Is it true that after taking any amount of alcohol, a certain number of brain cells die, which are then not restored?

Read more

What is alcoholic intoxication from the physiological and chemical sides; what exactly in strong drinks triggers this process?

Read more

Can you take regular skin cells and turn them into functional brain cells? If so, how?

Read more

Alcoholism - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Why are cells dividing? I know the process of fission itself, but why can't they not?

Read more

How long can alcohol take after rhinoplasty without harm to the nose and health in general?

A month ago, a nose job was done, yesterday I drank 3 glasses of wine. Now I worry that there might be consequences.

Read more