How dangerous is an allergy to penicillin antibiotics? What to fear and avoid?

How dangerous is an allergy to penicillin antibiotics? What to fear and avoid?

Antibiotics used in Dentistry

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answers (3)

Answer 1
January, 2021

Any allergic reaction has different degrees of manifestation, ranging from banal rashes and itching, ending with anaphylactic shock. Since an allergy to penicillin antibiotics can be controlled by you on your own (you can control the use of these drugs), it is not as dangerous as, for example, an allergy to pollen (when it is ubiquitous) or dust. The main thing you can do is alert your healthcare professional if you are allergic to penicillin antibiotics. Then successful treatment is guaranteed, and unpleasant consequences will be minimized. Be healthy!

Answer 2
January, 2021

Allergy to any drug is dangerous, because rashes may occur, or even anaphylactic shock, Quincke's edema, then it’s about saving the patient for seconds and minutes.

Antibiotics are a group of drugs to which allergic reactions occur more often. If you are prescribed a new drug at the hospital, you should have antihistamines for allergies on hand. And you are allergic, then 30-40 minutes before taking the drug, you should already take an antihistamine.

Answer 3
January, 2021

The most dangerous drug reaction is anaphylactic shock. Wikipedia has a good article on this topic. Here is just a small quote:

Anaphylactic shock or anaphylaxis (from ancient Greek ἀνά- "against" and φύλαξις "protection") - an immediate allergic reaction, a state of sharply increased sensitivity an organism that develops upon repeated administration of the allergen.

One of the most dangerous complications of drug allergy, ending in about 10-20% of cases is fatal.

Prevalence of cases of anaphylactic shock: 5 cases per 100,000 people per year. The increase in the number of cases of anaphylaxis increased from 20: 100,000 in 1980 to 50: 100,000 in 1990. This increase is attributable to an increase in food allergy cases. Women and young men are more prone to anaphylaxis.

The rate of occurrence of anaphylactic shock - from a few seconds or minutes to 5 hours from the beginning of contact with the allergen. In the development of anaphylactic reaction in patients with a high degree of sensitization, neither the dose nor the method of administration of the allergen play a decisive role. However, a large dose of the drug increases the severity and duration of the course of shock.

If you know that you have an allergic reaction to any drug, then there is only one thing to be afraid of - contact with it. Always talk to your doctor about allergic drug reactions, even if you are not asked to.

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