How can neuroscience explain the phenomenon of savants? Could this phenomenon hint at the cognitive reserves of the brain?

How can neuroscience explain the phenomenon of savants? Could this phenomenon hint at the cognitive reserves of the brain?

The Autism Revolution: Chronic, Persistent & Changeable Features (Martha Hebert)

Previous questionWhy do many Russian men, at home and on the street, love to walk half naked so much? Do you walk like this yourself?
Next questionWhat will happen to a person who has never been able to see, and how will he react if he miraculously regains his sight?

answers (2)

Answer 1
June, 2021

For example, in this article on wikipedia.org you can read about Kim Pik - the prototype of Dustin Hoffman's character "Rain Man". Let me highlight what is important in my opinion: Kim Peek was born with a brain that lacks the corpus callosum (it connects the right and left hemispheres of the brain) - according to scientists, brain neurons in the absence of the corpus callosum created new connections, which led to a manifold increase in memory capacity.

Answer 2
June, 2021

Neurobiology and neuropsychology are already pretty good at explaining the phenomenon of savants. This phenomenon is not associated with reserves, but with physiological characteristics in the structure of the brain of individual people, in which some functions can be more developed to the detriment of others.

You can read, for example, the books "Ungifted: Intelligence Redefined "and" Wired to Create: Unraveling the Mysteries of the Creative Mind "by Scott Barry Kaufman. If I understand correctly, these books have not been translated into Russian, and I cannot name others right away.

Related question

How does epilepsy affect the psyche? Can it destroy the brain, inhibit cognitive skills?

Read more

Who in the brain hears sounds and sees pictures - can we say that this is done by the brain itself or is there a perceiving subject - what can neuroscience say about this?

Read more

How is demonic possession explained from a psychiatric point of view? Why is this phenomenon manifested in churches?

Read more

The benefits of a bilingual brain - Mia Nacamulli

Are the openness of feelings, the manifestation of emotions, facial expressions during a conversation connected with the structure of the brain of people without cognitive disorders? How?

Read more

How, from a biological point of view, can you explain the phenomenon of a muse when inspiration suddenly comes to you? What hormones does it depend on?

Read more

How does such a complex phenomenon as consciousness arise from the work of individual neurons in the brain?

Read more

How to explain such a phenomenon as a prophetic dream?

Read more

Why, if you go down into the well in the afternoon, you can see the stars: how can this be scientifically explained and what does such a phenomenon look like?

Read more

Phenomenon By Gus Mods

At what age the brain does not remember material well! And can this be avoided?

Read more

How can you explain the different taste preferences in people? After all, the brains are the same in composition?

Read more

How to stop storing things (at home / in the inventory of various video games like Fallout) and what is the reason for this phenomenon?

Read more

How to replenish the reserves of internal energy?

Read more

Could brain retardation be the main cause of introversion?

Read more

The Mind and Methods of V.S. Ramachandran - On Our Mind

Why does depression most often "attack" in the fall? How can this be explained?

Read more

How to explain this phenomenon? The two people met for the first time, but it seems to them that they have known each other for a long time. The dialogue has not yet begun, the contact is visual.

Read more

Why do women have their periods synchronized? What is the biological feasibility of this phenomenon?

Read more

Constant blockage at work and at home. Tell me how you can cope with stress, improve the functioning of the brain and nervous system?

Read more

What determines a single visual view of a person? After all, there are two eyes. How can this be explained?

Read more

Your Brain at Work

Why does neuroscience still have a zero understanding of mental illness, but claims to explain consciousness and claims that there is no free will?

Read more

How is the brain's ability to reproduce a previously heard melody is explained?

Read more