For what reasons does a person's blood pressure increase?

For what reasons does a person's blood pressure increase?

Dangers of High Blood Pressure

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answers (2)

Answer 1
May, 2021

Here are the 6 main causes of high blood pressure: vascular tone disorder, kidney disease, hormonal disorders, certain medications, unhealthy diet, back problems.

Answer 2
May, 2021

Causes contributing to the development of hypertension

The risk of developing hypertension varies depending on age, gender, health status and lifestyle:

High blood pressure in different age periods develops under the influence of various factors ... In young people, the occurrence of hypertension is often associated with smoking, addiction to alcohol, drugs, congenital abnormalities of the renal vessels, adrenal glands, and pituitary gland. In middle age, obesity, heart disease, kidney disease, and neuropsychic stress come to the fore. By old age, blood pressure jumps due to atherosclerotic changes in blood vessels.

In women, drops in blood pressure occur during hormonal changes. Before menstruation, the level of the hormone progesterone rises in the blood, which provokes psychoemotional lability (nervousness, tearfulness) of a woman and causes jumps in blood pressure. During pregnancy, with complications (eclampsia), there is also a sharp increase in pressure. After delivery, blood pressure stabilizes, but the risk remains that hypertension will persist in the future. With menopause, when the activity of the ovaries fades and the concentration of estrogens decreases, the vessels lose collagen, which gives them elasticity. This becomes a prerequisite for the formation of hypertension.

Obesity. With a high level of lipoproteins and cholesterol in the blood, atherosclerotic plaques appear on the walls of blood vessels. The lumen of the arteries narrows, the walls are rigid, and blood is hardly pushed through the narrowed lumen of the vessels.

Frequent stress, nervous strain. Increasing pressure in response to stress is the oldest human adaptive response that occurs in case of danger and is aimed at overcoming a threatening situation. Hormones of "aggression" - adrenaline, norepinephrine - are released into the blood, which sharply increase the pressure, including in the muscles of the extremities, so that a person can quickly hide. In modern conditions, chronic stress leads to hypertension.

High pressure persists in people who abuse salty foods, because sodium ions, retaining fluid in the body, significantly increase the amount of blood in the vascular bed and increase the sensitivity of the wall endothelium to vasoconstrictor mediators.

Vegetovascular dystonia (VVD) is the cause of unstable blood pressure in adolescents and young people. The appearance of hypertension occurs due to impaired coordination of the autonomic nervous system, when the pressure is unstable: it rises sharply, then falls to normal numbers. To a large extent, this is due to the peculiarities of the constitution of the body and personality traits.

Physical inactivity. With insufficient physical activity, the heart muscle weakens, the vascular tone decreases. The body, trying to compensate for tissue hypoxia, produces mediators that constrict blood vessels. If this condition continues long enough, hypertension develops.

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