NO! A psychiatrist CANNOT send a patient for compulsory treatment under any circumstances. ONLY THE COURT is sent for compulsory treatment after a forensic psychiatric examination. Compulsory treatment is prescribed if the patient has committed an offense and is declared insane. This is an alternative to imprisonment, it is the imprisonment of an insane person for a certain amount of time. Only a judge has the right to pass such a verdict.
A psychiatrist can send a patient to INVOLUNTARY hospitalization, but a court hearing is held within 48 hours and again only a court can leave the patient in the hospital involuntarily. Involuntary treatment should not be confused with compulsory treatment. It is assigned: if a person is dangerous to himself and others, if leaving him without help will lead to a deterioration in his mental state, if he is in a helpless state.
Yes, it can. There is such a law "On psychiatric care and guarantees of rights in its provision." According to Articles 23 and 29, a psychiatrist can conduct an examination and hospitalization on an involuntary basis, if the patient is dangerous for himself or others, cannot provide himself with the necessary care (for example, he is not able to take pills himself, and there is no one to help him in this) , or if the absence of hospitalization will inevitably lead to a worsening of the condition.